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Importance of Developing a Logic Model

A logic model is a visual tool that describes the need for a program, program inputs, outputs, goals, and objectives. It helps planners provide a rationale for choosing specific substance abuse treatment programs, policies, and practices, and may identify the questions that will need to be addressed in an evaluation. Logic models for substance abuse treatment programs should explicitly identify:

  • The problem that the program will address
  • Factors in the community that may be contributing to this problem
  • Planned interventions
  • Program's expected short-term, medium-term, and long-term outcomes

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) recommends that logic models for substance abuse prevention programs show the relationships between the consumption of substances and health programs within different population groups.

Resources to Learn More

Developing a Logic Model to Guide Program Evaluation
Document
This guide explains logic models and their importance as a tool for developing programs and evaluation plans. It outlines the parts of a logic model and walks the reader through the steps of creating a logic model, including discussion of an example logic model for a mental health program.
Organization(s): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Sample State-Level Logic Models to Reduce the Non-Medical Use and Related Consequences of Opioids
Document
Two examples of logic models for strategies to address opioid substance abuse. The first focuses on fatal overdose from heroin, while the second addresses non-medical use of prescription opioids.
Organization(s): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Date: 6/2016