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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Community paramedics

Community Paramedicine Impact Reference Guide
Spreadsheet identifying journal articles that describe the impact of community paramedicine (CP) programs. Includes the article citation, a brief abstract, program services and impacts, and the country where it was implemented. Covers CP program impacts for patients, healthcare systems, healthcare providers, payers, and other stakeholders.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Rural Health Resource Center, Paramedic Foundation
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Virtually Perfect? Telemedicine for Covid-19
Perspective article that discusses the role telehealth could play in responding to COVID-19. Discusses telemedicine approaches related to surge control and triage, patient isolation, eICU, community paramedicine, and more.
Author(s): Judd E. Hollander, Brendan G. Carr
Citation: New England Journal of Medicine, 382, 1679-1681
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
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Template for Emergency Medical Services Informed Community Self Determination (ICSD)
Includes an agency pre-visit checklist, a sample Program Agreement, and evaluation tools to help outside evaluators report on issues that might affect a community's EMS performance and level of care. Intended for rural, relatively isolated areas with few EMS resource options.
Author(s): Kevin McGinnis, Gary Wingrove
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Update of Evaluation of California's Community Paramedicine Pilot Program
Updates the evaluation of the California Emergency Medical Services Authority pilot community paramedicine program, which began in 2014 to test 7 community paramedicine concepts and has involved 14 communities, including rural Butte county. Provides an overview of the projects, summarizes how the community paramedics were trained, reports on the patients served and program effectiveness, and discusses potential savings for Medi-Cal and Medicare.
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Healthforce Center at UCSF
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Rural First Responder Access to Mental Health Care: A National Crisis
Explores mental health challenges experienced by first responders and increased risk of suicide. Describes barriers to accessing adequate mental healthcare within the scope of their employment, especially in rural areas where services remain limited and stigma may be associated with the need for assistance.
Author(s): Jeffrey Hintz, Carrie Hintz
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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What Happened: A Community Paramedic Program
Provides presentation slides describing the community paramedic model and community paramedic programs in Arkansas from the Arkansas 2019 Annual Rural Health Conference. Identifies program focus areas, funding sources, collaboration with other community organizations, and some program outcomes.
Author(s): Gerald Cantrell
Date: 06/2019
Type: Presentation Slides
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Perspectives From the Frontline of Two North American Community Paramedicine Programs: An Observational, Ethnographic Study
Discusses the motivations, job satisfaction, and challenges from the viewpoints of community paramedics and their managers in two independent programs in rural Ontario, Canada and Colorado, USA. Presents qualitative data derived through interviews, informal discussions, focus groups, and direct observation of practice.
Author(s): Angela C Martin, Peter O'Meara
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 19(1), 4888
Date: 02/2019
Type: Document
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The Relationship Between Rural Setting and Health: Factors that Influence Individuals With or at Risk of CVD - A Summary of the Literature
Describes current literature on rural challenges and opportunities, including cardiovascular risk due to obesity, lack of access to healthcare, workforce shortages, importance of paramedics and community health workers, telehealth and broadband, and impact of the substance use disorder epidemic. Intended to help stakeholders understand the causes of health disparities and to support action to improve the health of rural communities.
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Heart Association
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Community Health Needs Assessments: Resources for Community Paramedicine & Mobile Integrated Healthcare
Provides information for emergency medical service (EMS) agencies exploring community paramedicine and mobile integrated healthcare (CP-MIH). Includes resources to match CP-MIH services with targeted community health needs and covers rural CP-MIH program examples.
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Frontier and Remote Paramedicine Practitioner Models
Reviews paramedic service delivery models in the U.S. and other English speaking countries, focusing on models with the potential to support and improve health and well-being of frontier populations.
Author(s): Peter O'Meara, Gary Wingrove, Michael Nolan
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 18(3)
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
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