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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Community paramedics

Rural First Responder Access to Mental Health Care: A National Crisis
Explores mental health challenges experienced by first responders and increased risk of suicide. Describes barriers to accessing adequate mental healthcare within the scope of their employment, especially in rural areas where services remain limited and stigma may be associated with the need for assistance.
Author(s): Jeffrey Hintz, Carrie Hintz
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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Update of Evaluation of California's Community Paramedicine Pilot Program
Updates the evaluation of the California Emergency Medical Services Authority pilot community paramedicine program, which began in 2014 to test 7 community paramedicine concepts and has involved 14 communities, including rural Butte county. Provides an overview of the projects, summarizes how the community paramedics were trained, reports on the patients served and program effectiveness, and discusses potential savings for Medi-Cal and Medicare.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Healthforce Center at UCSF
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What Happened: A Community Paramedic Program
Provides presentation slides describing the community paramedic model and community paramedic programs in Arkansas from the Arkansas 2019 Annual Rural Health Conference. Identifies program focus areas, funding sources, collaboration with other community organizations, and some program outcomes.
Author(s): Gerald Cantrell
Date: 06/2019
Type: Presentation Slides
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The Relationship Between Rural Setting and Health: Factors that Influence Individuals With or at Risk of CVD - A Summary of the Literature
Describes current literature on rural challenges and opportunities, including cardiovascular risk due to obesity, lack of access to healthcare, workforce shortages, importance of paramedics and community health workers, telehealth and broadband, and impact of the substance use disorder epidemic. Intended to help stakeholders understand the causes of health disparities and to support action to improve the health of rural communities.
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Heart Association
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Community Health Needs Assessments: Resources for Community Paramedicine & Mobile Integrated Healthcare
Provides information for emergency medical service (EMS) agencies exploring community paramedicine and mobile integrated healthcare (CP-MIH). Includes resources to match CP-MIH services with targeted community health needs and covers rural CP-MIH program examples.
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Community Paramedicine Rural Health Chat
Summary of a July 2018 Twitter chat focused on community paramedicine. Documents a conversation among rural health experts discussing how the community paramedicine model can benefit rural areas, challenges and barriers to starting a community paramedicine program, and examples of successful programs.
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Ten Strategies for Improving Health Care: Report from NCSL's Task Force on Innovations in State Health Systems
Reviews state policy healthcare innovations, including those focused on rural healthcare issues. Covers what states have done to address rural hospital closures and health workforce shortages. Highlights value-based payment for rural hospitals in Pennsylvania, a pilot rural hospital hub and spoke model in Georgia, and community paramedic certification in Minnesota.
Date: 05/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Conference of State Legislatures
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ThedaCare: Leveraging Community Paramedics To Bridge Persistent Gaps in Care
Describes ThedaCare, a 2016 participant in the Transforming Complex Care initiative from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and Center for Health Care Strategies (CHCS), a community paramedic (CP) program that works to extend the reach of clinic serves to medically and socially complex patients in Northeastern Wisconsin. Discusses program goals, steps to establishing the CP program, and sustainability.
Author(s): Naomi Freundlich
Date: 05/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Health Care Strategies
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Promising Practice: Wisconsin Office of Rural Health Rallies EMS Providers in the State
Describes how EMS Day at the Wisconsin capitol brought 50 local EMS agencies and two state EMS associations together to meet with state legislators and advocate for their support and recognition of their needs. This event developed out of an effort by the Wisconsin Office of Rural Health (WI-ORH) to design and implement an assessment tool evaluating rural ambulance services within the state.
Author(s): Beth Blevins
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
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Emergency Medical Services Professionals' Attitudes about Community Paramedic Programs
Evaluates perceptions and attitudes of emergency medical services (EMS) professionals' understanding and willingness to participate in community paramedic programs. Includes demographic data for EMS professionals participating in the study by level of certification or licensure and total years of EMS experience. Provides information on EMS participants' work experiences, including the type of community and population served.
Author(s): Robert J. Steeps, Denise A. Wilfong, Michael W. Hubble, Daniel L. Bercher
Citation: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 18(4), 630-639
Date: 06/2017
Type: Document
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