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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Depression

NSDUH (National Survey on Drug Use and Health) Detailed Tables - 2021
Presents 2021 survey data, including revisions, on use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, trends in substance use disorder and mental health, and access to treatment for youth and adults. Features statistics for a variety of demographic and geographic characteristics, including rural versus urban status. Includes information on substance use and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
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Rural-Urban Prescribing Patterns by Primary Care and Behavioral Health Providers in Older Adults with Serious Mental Illness
Examines psychiatric prescription patterns by behavioral health specialists (BHSs) and primary care providers (PCPs) in older adults with serious mental illness (SMI). Analyzes 2018 Medicare data of 2,079,045 Medicare beneficiaries who received a prescription for their SMI diagnosis. Includes rural versus urban comparisons of psychiatric medication type and provider type.
Author(s): Ulrike Muench, Matthew Jura, Cindy Parks Thomas, Jennifer Perloff, Joanne Spetz
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 22, 1440
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
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Rural-Urban Differences in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Prior to and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results from the National Survey of Children's Health
Policy brief analyzing data from a national sample of children and adolescents to examine similarities and differences between rural and urban mental health outcomes prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Offers considerations for policy and program development. Features demographics and statistics on incidence of anxiety, depression, and behavioral problems in 2018-2019 and 2020, with breakdowns by urban or rural areas.
Author(s): Kristen Figas, Theodoros Giannouchos, Elizabeth Crouch
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Evidence Brief: Safety and Effectiveness of Telehealth-Delivered Mental Health Care
Presents an overview of research evidence on the safety and effectiveness of telehealth-based mental healthcare for veterans. Discusses outcomes and studies of telehealth treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, substance use, and multiple mental health conditions.
Additional links: Supplemental Materials
Author(s): E.H. Beech, S. Young, J.K. Anderson, B.E. Belsher, N.J. Parr
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
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Suicide and Self-Harm in Youth Presenting to a US Rural Hospital During COVID-19
Presents a study on rural emergency department utilization and hospital admission for suicide or self-harm in children ages 5 to 17 during the COVID-19 pandemic. Analyzes hospital data from January, 2017 to May 2021. Breaks down data by demographic factors, such as race, gender, and rurality, as well as length of stay and visit type, among other measures.
Author(s): Mary Arakelyan, Jennifer A. Emond, JoAnna K. Leyenaar
Citation: Hospital Pediatrics, 12(10), e336–e342
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
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Rural Health Research Recap: Rural Mental Health
Summarizes recent research from Rural Health Research Centers on rural mental health, covering serious mental illness and treatment, major depression and treatment, suicidal thoughts, plans and attempts, and adverse and positive childhood experiences. Provides links to full publications.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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Self-reported Illness Experiences and Psychosocial Outcomes for Reservation-Area American Indian Youth During COVID-19
Results of a Spring 2021 study of 2,559 American Indian students in grades 6-12 in schools on or near Indian reservations. Features statistics on COVID-19 experiences for self and others.
Author(s): Linda R. Stanley, Meghan A. Crabtree, Randall C. Swaim, Mark A. Prince.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(9), e2231764
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Chronic Conditions Among Adults Aged 18─34 Years — United States, 2019
Examines prevalence of 11 chronic conditions among adults aged 18-34 years, with data for urban and rural locations. Provides data on obesity, depression, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, asthma, arthritis, and other chronic conditions.
Author(s): Kathleen B. Watson, Susan A. Carlson, Fleetwood Loustalot, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(30), 964-970
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Achieving Health Equity in US Suicides: A Narrative Review and Commentary
Discusses suicide mortality disparities by different demographics, such as age, race, veteran status, and rurality, among others. Tracks suicide rates from 1999-2019 and highlights rates by specific demographic group.
Author(s): Seth W. Perry, Jacob C. Rainey, Stephen Allison, et al.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 22, 1360
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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Anxiety, Depression, and Access to Mental Health Care by Sexual Orientation and Rurality
Presents a study on rates of anxiety and depression by sexual orientation in relation to access to mental healthcare. Compares rates of anxiety and depression between lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual individuals in rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Courtney Sarkin, Mariana Tuttle, Gilbert Gonzales
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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