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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Depression

Family-centered Program Deters Substance Use, Conduct Problems, and Depressive Symptoms in Black Adolescents
Demonstrates how a family-centered preventive intervention, the Strong African American Families–Teen (SAAF–T) program can reduce behavior problems, substance use, and symptoms of depression among black adolescents living in rural Georgia. Data was collected from 502 Black families randomly assigned to either a controlled condition or the SAAF-T program. Adolescents, ages 16 and 17 years, self-reported problem behaviors, substance use, and depression over a period of 22 months.
Author(s): Gene H. Brody, Yi-fu Chen, Steven M. Kogan, et al.
Citation: Pediatrics, 129(1) 108-115
Date: 01/2012
Type: Document
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Depression Literacy: Rates and Relation to Perceived Need and Mental Health Service Utilization in a Rural American Sample
Reports on a study that evaluated the depression literacy of a rural American sample, and examined the relationship of depression literacy with perceived need for and utilization of different types of services for those with emotional problems.
Author(s): Tisha Deen, Ana Bridges
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 11(4), 1803
Date: 11/2011
Type: Document
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Expressions of Depression in Rural Women With Chronic Illness
Describes the experience of depression within a rural population of chronically ill middle-aged women from Montana, Idaho, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming who participated in an online social-support and health education research project.
Author(s): Charlene A Winters, Shirley A Cudney, Therese Sullivan
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 10(4), 1533
Date: 11/2010
Type: Document
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Rural-Urban Differences in Depression Care
Assesses the association between rurality and depression care. Compares the use of depression treatment, treatment type (pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy), and quality of care for rural and urban areas among individuals reporting depression.
Author(s): John C. Fortney, Jeffrey S. Harman, Stanley Xu, Fran Dong
Date: 10/2009
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WICHE Center for Rural Mental Health Research
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The Association Between Rural Residence and the Use, Type, and Quality of Depression Care
Reports on the link between rurality and the preference for using pharmacotherapy, rather than psychotherapy, to treat depression among rural populations. Also examines whether individuals with depression in rural areas receive lower quality care than their urban counterparts due to the lack of mental health specialists in rural areas.
Additional links: Policy Brief
Author(s): John C. Fortney, Jeffrey S. Harman, Stanley Xu, Fran Dong
Date: 2009
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WICHE Center for Rural Mental Health Research
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Rural-Urban Differences in Work Patterns Among Adults With Depressive Symptoms
Examines how depressive symptoms affect employment patterns among young to middle-career adults, with information for rural and urban residents.
Author(s): Lisa Morris, Stephenie Loux, Erika Ziller, David Hartley
Date: 03/2008
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Maine Rural Health Research Center
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Preventing Hospitalizations in Depressed Rural Primary Care Patients
Policy brief examining whether depressed rural primary care patients are more likely than urban patients to be hospitalized for mental and physical problems. Investigates differences in hospitalization rates and if differences can be explained by specialty outpatient care. Determines whether rural patients face more insurance barriers to outpatient care.
Author(s): Scott Adams, Stan Xu, Fran Dong, Kathryn Rost
Date: 05/2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WICHE Center for Rural Mental Health Research
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Community-Level Risk Factors for Depression Hospitalizations
Examines community-level risk factors for depression hospitalizations in urban and rural counties, based on data from 14 states.
Author(s): John Fortney, Gerard Rushton, Scott Wood, et al.
Date: 09/2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WICHE Center for Rural Mental Health Research
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Mental Health Encounters in Critical Access Hospital Emergency Rooms: A National Survey
Examines the extent to which Critical Access Hospital (CAH) emergency rooms are used as a mental health safety net. Investigates the types of cases that present with mental health problems, as well as the resources available to emergency room staff in CAHs for addressing such problems.
Additional links: Research and Policy Brief: Smallest Rural Hospitals Treat Mental Health Emergencies
Author(s): David Hartley, Erika Ziller, Stephenie Loux, et al.
Date: 09/2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Maine Rural Health Research Center
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Depression in Rural Populations: Prevalence, Effects on Life Quality, and Treatment-Seeking Behavior
Reports on major depression in urban and rural adults and communication of symptoms to a healthcare provider.
Additional links: Fact Sheet
Date: 2005
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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