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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Healthcare workforce

Advancing Health Equity Through Community Health Workers and Peer Providers: Mounting Evidence and Policy Recommendations
Reviews the results from nine studies funded by the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) supporting the inclusion of community health workers (CHWs) and peer providers (PPs) as effective participants in addressing health and healthcare inequities particularly for diverse communities. Each study presented focuses on a distinct function of utilizing CHWs and/or PPS such as mentoring, managing chronic conditions, and navigator support for serious mental illness and depression. Discusses why payers and providers should include CHWs and PPS in a variety of capacities to improve outcomes, add value to care, and control costs.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Families USA
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Growth and Distribution of Child Psychiatrists in the United States: 2007-2016
Results of a study exploring trends in the growth and distribution of child psychiatrists in the United States from 2007-2016, noting differences in access in urban and rural areas. Includes statistics on the numbers of children and child psychiatrists in each state, and a county-level map showing the percent of change during the decade studied.
Author(s): Ryan K. McBain, Aaron Kofner, Bradley D. Stein, et al.
Citation: Pediatrics, 144(6)
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
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Rural Availability of the Obstetrics & Gynecology Physician Workforce
Provides data on the number of OB/GYN physicians, and hospitals with obstetric care by county in Arizona. Includes data on the educational training of OB/GYN physicians in the state, and addresses the effect of OB/GYN workforce shortages on rural women.
Author(s): Koch, B., Coates, S., Brady, B., et al.
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Arizona Center for Rural Health
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Analysis of Buprenorphine Prescribing Patterns Among Advanced Practitioners in Medicaid
Presentation slides from an October/November 2019 public meeting, describing the effects of the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 on access to opioid use disorder treatment for Medicaid beneficiaries. Includes information on urban and rural trends in prescribing.
Author(s): John Wedeles
Date: 10/2019
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
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RN-to-BSN Programs: Challenges for Rural Nurse Education
Results of a survey of 237 schools with active RN-to-BSN programs, to ascertain the current status of rural-focused nursing education. Features statistics on proportion of RN-to-BSN students drawn from rural areas, student recruitment methods, barriers to recruiting students, availability of online courses, and challenges in online courses.
Author(s): Selina H. McKinney, Janice C. Probst, Eboni Haynes
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center
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Rural Registered Nurses: Educational Preparation, Workplace, and Salary
Examines reported education levels and work sites of rural and urban registered nurses (RNs). Includes United States map showing proportion of RNs with Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) from 2011-2015, and statistics on ADN nurses by work setting and salary differential, with breakdowns by rural and urban location.
Author(s): Janice C. Probst, Selina Hunt McKinney, Cassie Odahowski
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center
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Primary Care Clinician and Clinic Director Experiences of Professional Bias, Harassment, and Discrimination in an Underserved Agricultural Region of California
Results of interviews with 26 San Joaquin Valley clinicians and clinic directors from December 2017 to December 2018, to examine their experiences of isolation and harassment. Includes demographic statistics on participants.
Author(s): Michelle Ko, Armin Dorri
Citation: JAMA Network Open 2(10)
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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Qualifying Alternative Payment Model Participants (QPs) Methodology Fact Sheet: Medicare Option 2019 Performance Period
Explains the methods used by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to determine if clinicians participating in the Medicare Advanced Alternative Payment Models (APMs), a track of the Quality Payment Program, are eligible as Qualifying Alternative Payment Model Participants (QPs), or partial QPs for the 2019 performance period. This includes eligible clinicians who receive payments for Medicare Part B services furnished at Method II Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs), Rural Health Clinics (RHCs), or Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs).
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Cascades of Care After Incidental Findings in a US National Survey of Physicians
Results of a study estimating the national frequency and consequences of cascades of testing and treatment after incidental findings on screening and diagnostic tests. Features statistics including physician characteristics associated with self-reported harm from cascades, with breakdowns by practice location in urban, suburban, or rural areas.
Author(s): Ishani Ganguli, Arabella L. Simpkin, Claire Lupo
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 2(10)
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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2018 New York Residency Training Outcomes: A Summary of Responses to the 2018 New York Resident Exit Survey
Details the results of the 2018 resident exit survey for New York State. Highlights the number of providers planning to work in rural and urban areas.
Additional links: Key Findings
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Health Workforce Studies
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