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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: LGBT

The Report of the 2019 Southern LGBTQ Health Survey
Results of a convenience sample of 5,617 respondents detailing their experiences of LGBTQ health and healthcare in the South. Features demographics and self-reported statistics on physical and mental health ratings, healthcare quality, abuse and violence, insurance, dental care, HIV diagnoses, and disparities in reported health ratings by urban or rural location.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Author(s): Chase Harless, Megan Nanney, Austin H. Johnson, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Southern LGBTQ Health Initiative, Western North Carolina Community Health Services
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LGBT Poverty in the United States: A Study of Differences Between Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Groups
First in a series of reports examining the poverty rates and economic disparities of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey, this report provides estimates and compares the number of LGBT and cisgender people living in poverty in rural and urban communities. Poverty rates are further identified by sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI), race, ethnicity, and by state. Discusses the effect of disability status, education level, health, marital status, and employment status on poverty rates.
Author(s): M. V. Lee Badgett, Soon Kyu Choi, Bianca D.M. Wilson
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: UCLA School of Law, Williams Institute
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Leveraging Medicaid Financing and Coverage Benefits to Deliver PrEP Intervention Services
Shows how stakeholders in Medicaid agencies, Medicaid managed care organizations, and public health departments can identify barriers to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) medication and clinical services, in an effort to prevent HIV. Includes a section on provision of PrEP through Federally Qualified Health Centers and Rural Health Centers, and through telehealth.
Author(s): Naomi Seiler
Date: 05/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: AcademyHealth
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A Portfolio Analysis of Culturally Tailored Trials to Address Health and Healthcare Disparities
Examines the cultural tailoring strategies used in behavioral health trials among racial and ethnic minorities, rural populations, people with low socioeconomic status, individuals with disabilities, people with low health literacy, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities to improve quality of healthcare, and reduce health and healthcare disparities.
Author(s): Marisa Torres-Ruiz, Kaitlynn Robinson-Ector, Dionna Attinson, Jamie Trotter, Ayodola Anise, Steven Clauser
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(9), 1859
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
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HIV Testing, Linkage to HIV Medical Care, and Interviews for Partner Services Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men — Non–Health Care Facilities, 20 Southern U.S. Jurisdictions, 2016
Reports on work by 20 health departments and 24 community-based organizations (CBOs) funded by CDC to provide HIV testing and related services to black gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in the South. Provides rural-urban data on the number of HIV tests provided, new HIV-positive diagnoses, linking people with HIV infection to medical care, and interviews for partner services.
Author(s): Mariette Marano, Renee Stein, Wei Song, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 67(28), 778-781
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Addressing the Health Needs of Sex and Gender Minorities in New Mexico
Describes disparities among sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations in New Mexico. Covers issues and health behaviors specific to SGMs, including challenges rural SGMs face. Offers recommendations to address SGM health disparities and improve health.
Author(s): Doug Calderwood, Rebecca Dakota, Dawn Hunter, et al.
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: New Mexico Department of Health
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A Mixed-Method Assessment of a Pilot Peer Advocate Intervention for Rural Gender and Sexual Minorities
Examines implementation challenges of a peer-based, community health worker intervention intended to help rural lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) people with mental health or substance abuse issues. Details the pilot program, which focused on a diverse area of rural New Mexico, discusses the results and challenges, and offers recommendations based on the findings.
Author(s): Cathleen E. Willging, Audrey Harkness, Tania Israel, et al.
Citation: Community Mental Health Journal, 54(4), 395-409
Date: 05/2018
Type: Document
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Notes from the Field: HIV Infection Investigation in a Rural Area — West Virginia, 2017
Reports on an investigation by the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources that began with 10 cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection identified in three counties during January-July 2017. Describes how the investigation broadened to 15 counties based on injection drug use and sexual contacts. Identifies risk reduction and treatment options available in these counties and discusses strategies undertaken to limit further transmission of HIV.
Author(s): Mary E. Evans, Sarah M. Labuda, Vicki Hogan, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 67(8), 257-258
Date: 03/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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HIV Testing Among Transgender Women and Men — 27 States and Guam, 2014-2015
Reports on HIV testing behaviors among transgender women, transgender men, gay and bisexual men, and heterosexual men and women. Includes metropolitan and nonmetro demographics for each group, and metro and nonmetro data on HIV testing for transgender men and women.
Author(s): Marc A. Pitasi, Emeka Oraka, Hollie Clark, Machell Town, Elizabeth A. DiNenno
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 66(33), 883-887
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Health Inequities by Sexual Orientation among New Mexican Adults, 2011-2014
Examines health outcomes and behaviors by sexual orientation for adults in New Mexico. Covers demographics, access to healthcare, chronic health conditions, behavioral risk factors including binge drinking and smoking, protective factors such as HIV and cervical cancer screening, and quality of life differences such as mental health. Includes rural/urban breakdowns for demographics and addresses disparities by race/ethnicity, including American Indian/Alaska Native LGB adults.
Date: 01/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: New Mexico Department of Health
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