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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Prenatal care and obstetrics

Non-Medical Opioid Use among Rural and Urban Pregnant Women, 2007-2014
Examines data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) from 2007 to 2014 to determine differences in non-medical opioid use among rural and urban pregnant women. Covers policy and practice implications to inform program and clinical efforts to address the crisis.
Author(s): Katy Kozhimannil, Carrie Henning-Smith, Tongtan Chantarat, Tongtan Chantarat, Cresta Jones
Date: 08/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Strengthening the Workforce to Improve Pregnancy Outcomes in Rural Areas
Highlights rural workforce initiatives related to maternity and childbirth services and discusses strategies to improve rural pregnancy outcomes. Features a training program at a Critical Access Hospital in Alaska and a rural OB-GYN residency program in Wisconsin.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
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Using Telemedicine to Improve Rural Women’s Health and Save Babies’ Lives
Discusses a telehealth program, Solutions to Obstetrics in Rural Communities (STORC), that works to decrease infant mortality rates by support access to prenatal care and improve obstetric care quality in rural Tennessee.
Additional links: Audio Recording
Date: 05/2018
Type: Audio
Sponsoring organization: Blue Cross Blue Shield
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Diminishing Access to Rural Maternity Care and Associated Changes in Birth Location and Outcomes
Webinar presented by Carrie Henning-Smith on April 26, 2018. Described recent work by the University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center on loss of obstetric care in rural areas. Included information from a March 2018 Journal of the American Medical Association study showing changes in birth location and outcomes following loss of services in rural areas.
Additional links: Presentation Slides, Transcript, Webinar Recording
Date: 04/2018
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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Differences Between Rural and Urban Areas in Mortality Rates for the Leading Causes of Infant Death: United States, 2013–2015
Examines mortality rates for the five leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death for rural, small and medium urban, and large urban counties, based on location of the mother's residence. Causes examined are congenital malformations, low birthweight, sudden infant death syndrome, maternal complications, and unintentional injuries.
Additional links: Questions for the Author, NCHStats blog
Author(s): Danielle M. Ely, Donna L. Hoyert
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Challenges Related to Pregnancy and Returning to Work after Childbirth in a Rural, Tourism-Dependent Community
Discusses the challenges related to pregnancy and returning to work after childbirth in rural, tourism-dependent communities. Examines the issues of pregnancy timing and maternity leave, breastfeeding support, and child care, providing recommendations for improving conditions in each area. Results are based on a focus group of 6 women, which included 3 mothers and 3 pregnant women.
Author(s): Amanda Corbett, Carrie Henning-Smith, Kristin DeArruda Wharton, Katy Kozhimannil
Date: 02/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Health Equity in New Mexico: 12th Edition
Provides information about the health status of various population groups throughout New Mexico and educates readers on the state's health equity issues. Designed to help policymakers and other stakeholders implement strategies that reduce health disparities and improve health outcomes for all New Mexicans. Includes information and statistics specific to New Mexico's rural regions.
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: New Mexico Department of Health
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Health Equity Report 2017
Reports on trends in health equity and health disparities in the U.S. Provides statistics and information on multiple program areas, including: maternal and child health, primary care, access, quality, HIV/AIDS, mental and behavioral health, chronic disease, health promotion, health workforce, rural versus urban, and geographic disparities. Addresses disparities patterns for three priority areas: mental health, opioid use, and childhood obesity.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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Rural Health Research Recap: Effects of Rural Hospital Closures
Summarizes key findings from the Rural Health Research Centers' most recent research on the effects of rural hospital closures. Examines rural hospital closures and conversions, payment models, the loss of obstetric services, and more. Provides links to each of the referenced source documents.
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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Impact of a Mobile Health Application on User Engagement and Pregnancy Outcomes among Wyoming Medicaid Members
Examines the effects of a mobile health application, Due Date Plus, on user engagement and birth outcomes among pregnant Medicaid members compared to pregnant Medicaid members not using the application in Wyoming. Compares data on four outcomes: 6-month or more prenatal visit, C-section, low birth weight, and neonatal intensive care unity (NICU) admission to evaluate the association between Due Date Plus with pregnancy and birth outcomes.
Author(s): James Bush, Dilek E. Barlow, Jennie Echols, Jasmine Wilkerson, Katherine Bellevin
Citation: Telemedicine and e-Health, 23(11), 891-898
Date: 11/2017
Type: Document
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