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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Racial and ethnic groups

Changes in Pediatric Hospitalizations and In-Hospital Deaths in the Initial Period of the COVID-19 Pandemic (April-December 2020), 29 States
Presents data from 29 states on the number of pediatric all-cause hospitalizations and in-hospital deaths between April–December 2020 and compares this data to statistics from the same period in 2016-2019. Presents data by patient characteristics, including urban-rural status and race/ethnicity. Includes data on the percent of pediatric hospitalizations and deaths related to COVID-19 in 2020.
Author(s): Lawrence D. Reid, Zhengyi Fang
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Changes in Hospitalizations and In-Hospital Deaths in the Initial Period of the COVID-19 Pandemic (April-December 2020), 29 States
Presents data from 29 states on the number of all-cause hospitalizations and in-hospital deaths between April–December 2020 and compares this data to statistics from the same period in 2016-2019. Presents data by patient characteristics, including urban-rural status and race/ethnicity. Includes data on the percent of hospitalizations and deaths related to COVID-19 in 2020.
Author(s): Lawrence D. Reid, Zhengyi Fang
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Overcoming Disparities in Surgical Care among Native Americans
Discusses the disparity in access to oncologic surgical care for Native Americans. Details a pathway program at the Oregon Health & Science University aimed as increasing matriculation rates among Native Americans into medicals school.
Author(s): Thomas L. Sutton, Brett C. Sheppard
Citation: Bulletin of The American College of Surgeons
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Rural Transit Fact Book 2022
Features national-, state-, and county-level information on rural transit in the United States. Includes rural and urban comparisons on demographics and transportation. Provides information for agencies receiving section 5311 funding and includes a section on tribal transit.
Author(s): Jeremy Mattson, Dilip Mistry
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute
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Codesigning a Community-Based Participatory Research Project to Assess Tribal Perspectives on Privacy and Health Data Sharing: A Report from the Strong Heart Study
Presents findings from a workshop on health data privacy and sharing preferences with 14 tribal leaders whose communities are involved in the Strong Hearts Study. Discusses protocol for consulting tribal communities prior to engaging in biomedical research, issues of data safety, and respecting the distinct preferences of communities.
Author(s): Cynthia Triplett, Burgundy J. Fletcher, Riley I Taitingfong, et al.
Citation: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, ocac038
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
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A Critical Review on the Complex Interplay between Social Determinants of Health and Maternal and Infant Mortality
Reports on a critical review of maternal and infant mortality literature to observe how social determinants of health relate to health disparities for mothers and babies of racial/ethnic minorities, less privileged socioeconomic statuses, and rural geographies. Includes discussion about rural versus urban differences in maternal and infant mortality.
Author(s): Rada K. Dagher, Deborah E. Linares
Citation: Children, 9(3), 394
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
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Indian Health Service: Relief Funding and Agency Response to COVID-19 Pandemic
Describes the COVID-19 relief funding for Indian Health Service (IHS), tribal, and urban Indian organization health facilities and how the funds were used to meet immediate and longstanding system needs. Discusses the initial IHS response to the pandemic and steps IHS took to address challenges that its hospitals faced responding to the pandemic.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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U.S. Unemployment Rates for the Prime-Working-Age Population (ages 25 to 54) in Metro and Nonmetro Areas by Race/Ethnicity, 2007–21
Bar chart showing metro and nonmetro unemployment rates in 2007, 2019, 2020, and 2021 for the following populations aged 25-54: White, Black or African American, and Hispanic or Latino.
Date: 03/2022
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Understanding Opioid Use Within a Southwestern American Indian Reservation Community: A Qualitative Study
Examines motivations, consequences, and general impact of opioid use among youth and young adult American Indians based on interviews with 18 individuals living in a Southwestern reservation community. Discusses prevention efforts such as family-based services and community program interventions.
Author(s): Emma Waugh, Jerreed Ivanich, Victoria O'Keefe, et al.
Citation: The Journal of Rural Health
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
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HHS Strategic Plan FY 2022 - 2026
Identifies the strategic goals and objectives of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Addresses issues impacting rural and tribal communities, including health disparities, healthcare access, and health workforce. Discusses maternal mortality, emergency preparedness, and other specific concerns.
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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