Appalachian Diseases of Despair
Provides information on Appalachian mortality disparities due to overdose, suicide, and alcoholic liver disease/cirrhosis among people ages 15-64. Utilizes data from the 2021 Multiple Cause of Death database broken down by Appalachian state, region, gender, and metropolitan or nonmetropolitan status.
Sponsoring organizations: Appalachian Regional Commission, East Tennessee State University Center for Rural Health Research, NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis
Area and Road Ruggedness Scales
Provides measures of topographic variation for 2010 census tracts, showing the ruggedness of terrain and roads. Identifies rurality and primary Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) code of each census tract along with ruggedness data. Also provides documentation, descriptions of each scale, and national maps.
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
Characteristics of Short-Term Acute Care Hospitals That Experienced a Ransomware Attack from 2016 to 2021
Analyzed short-term acute care hospitals experiencing a ransomware attack between 2016 and 2019 to identify characteristics associated with an attack. Considered variables such as rurality, various financial characteristics, information technology infrastructure, and more. Includes recommendation for future research regarding rural impacts.
Author(s): Claire C. McGlave, Sayeh S. Nikpay, Carrie Henning-Smith, Katie Rydberg, Hannah T. Neprash
Location: Health Affairs Scholar, 1(3)
Examining Rural-Urban Differences in the Availability of Hospital-Based Cardiac Services Between 2010-2020
Results of a study examining the availability of hospital-based general cardiology, diagnostic catheterization, and interventional catheterization services, and whether rural-urban differences in the availability of these services occurred between 2010 and 2020. Features statistics including differences in the proportion of hospitals offering cardiac services across metropolitan, micropolitan, and non-core counties in 2010 and 2020.
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
Folic Acid and IMPLICIT Program - The Mother To Baby Podcast
Provides an overview of the Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants through Continuous Improvement Techniques (IMPLICIT) Network in rural Minnesota. Discusses the quality improvement program aimed at changing behavior and improving maternal and infant health. Transcript available by clicking the three dots above the description.
Sponsoring organization: MotherToBaby
Further Extension of Grace Period Related to the "Four Walls" Requirement under 42 C.F.R. § 440.90 for Indian Health Service and Tribal Facilities to February 11, 2025
Guidance announcing the extension of a grace period permitting Indian Health Service (IHS) and tribal facilities to claim Medicaid reimbursement under the clinic services benefit for services provided outside of the "four walls" of the facility through February 11, 2025. Provides an overview of the history of this flexibility during the COVID-19 public health emergency (PHE) and previous guidance.
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
The Future Pediatric Subspecialty Physician Workforce: Meeting the Needs of Infants, Children, and Adolescents
Reports on barriers to increasing the pediatric subspecialist workforce and discusses the impact on research to improve health outcomes for children. Discusses access to care, education of the workforce, reimbursement rates, and more. Highlights rural specific challenges throughout.
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Income in the United States: 2022
Reports on income levels for 2021 and 2022, along with the percent change from 2021 to 2022. Includes statistics for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. Based on data from the 2023 and earlier Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplements.
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
Medicare Advantage Enrollment, Plan Availability and Premiums in Rural Areas
Research brief analyzing Medicare Advantage enrollment, availability, and premiums in rural areas to identify trends since 2010. Offers rural and urban comparisons.
Sponsoring organization: KFF
MedPAC Comment on CMS's Proposed Rule on the Outpatient Prospective Payment System for FY 2024
Comment on the July 31, 2023, Federal Register proposed rule revising the physician fee schedule to improve Medicare Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) and Medicare Ambulatory Surgical Center (ACS) payments for calendar year 2024. Includes discussions on extending the use of the hospital market basket to update ASC payment rates, a proposed quality measure for emergency department visits in Rural Emergency Hospitals (REHs), and more.
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
New Research Shows RHC Program Continues to Grow
Explores trends in the Rural Health Clinic (RHC) landscape between 2020-2022 using data from the Center for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) Quality, Certification, and Oversight Reports (QCOR). Presents data and maps on the number of RHCs that opened, closed, had a CMS Certification Number (CCN) change, and are no longer operating as an RHC by state and free-standing or provider-based status.
Sponsoring organizations: NARHC Research and Education Foundation, National Association of Rural Health Clinics, National Center for the Analysis of Healthcare Data (NCAHD)
Poverty in the United States: 2022
Reports on poverty rates for 2021 and 2022, including changes in official poverty and changes in the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) rate. Includes statistics for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. Based on data from the 2023 and earlier Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplements.
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
Racial Disparities in Obesity‐Related Cardiovascular Mortality in the United States: Temporal Trends From 1999 to 2020
Examines disparities in obesity-related cardiovascular mortality in U.S. citizens from 1999 to 2020. Utilizes the Multiple Cause of Death database to analyze mortality trends by race, sex, age, and rural versus urban residence.
Author(s): Zahra Raisi‐Estabragh, Ofer Kobo, Jennifer H. Mieres, et al.
Location: Journal of the American Heart Association
Rural Health Value Summit: Driving Value Through Community-Based Partnerships
Provides an overview of a June 2023 summit regarding the intersection of rural providers and communities, value-based care and payment models, and social determinants of health (SDOH). Describes the efforts of Arkansas, Michigan, Oregon, and South Carolina communities that had representatives at the summit. Discusses opportunities for policymakers, payers, and health system leaders to build and support infrastructure to address social determinants of health in rural communities and offers possible next steps.
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Value
Rural Patient and Provider Perceptions of Telehealth Implemented During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Evaluates patient and provider perceptions of telehealth in a large, rural healthcare system as well as the sustainability of telehealth during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilizes 2020-2021 survey data to analyze patient satisfaction with telehealth and its perceived value and efficiency according to providers. Considers the long-term effectiveness of telehealth by assessing differences in missed appointments when compared to in-person visits at a family practice clinic.
Author(s): David Klee, Derek Pyne, Joshua Kroll, William James, Kelly A. Hirko
Location: BMC Health Services Research, 23, 981
Sustainability Spotlight: State Funding for Produce Prescriptions
Provides an overview of two successful models of produce prescriptions (PPR) programs that provide access to fruits and vegetables for low-income families experiencing diet-related illness. Discusses sustainability, collaboration, and strategic planning of the New Mexico Fruit and Vegetable Prescription Program (FVRx) that works with tribal, rural, and frontier communities.
Sponsoring organization: No Kid Hungry
This Team from HHS Has Spent Five Years Taking on the Rural Crisis of Opioid Use
Podcast episode interviewing Heath Resource and Services Administration (HRSA) officials running the Rural Communities Opioid Response Program (RCORP). Describes starting the program, types of projects funded, program impacts, and how to apply.
Sponsoring organization: Federal News Network