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COPD Re-admission Prevention Program

Summary 
  • Need: Organized effort targeting COPD patients’ medical needs in order to prevent hospital readmission in Zanesville, Ohio.
  • Intervention: Creation of an integrated system model using nurse navigators that incorporates evidence-based chronic disease care management approaches to COPD care.
  • Results: Improved readmission rates and overall improved acute and chronic care for the area’s COPD patients.
Description

In 2013-14, with an eye on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services’ Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program expansion to include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Genesis HealthCare System began a readmission prevention program. The program concept had roots in the organization’s administrative suite in Zanesville, Ohio. The current program design includes a regular reassessment in order to continually advance COPD patient care.

Using several evidence-based approaches, the program operates in a systems continuum. The program starts with inpatient nursing and respiratory therapy staff, with further care coordination formally transferred to two program navigators. Both navigators are Registered Nurses with critical care experience and both are also certified Tobacco Treatment Specialists (TTS).

This care coordination focus also intersects with patients’ family and friends, providers, pharmacists, durable medical equipment providers, social workers and appropriate community agencies for any specific assistance.

No start-up funding was utilized since Genesis administration recognized that sustainable financial and patient-care benefits would likely emerge once the program was operational.

In 2017, Genesis HealthCare System achieved the U.S. News & World Report's highest rating possible for both COPD and Heart Failure.

Genesis Healthcare System
Services offered

The program’s overall approach addresses known areas of care coordination breakdown ("patient handoffs, follow-up care, ongoing care for those with chronic conditions, and care when something goes wrong").

At time of index admission:

  • Case management patient screening for potentially high readmission risks
  • Initial problem-solving for the identified risks
  • Disease and self-management education provided by nurses and respiratory therapists

At discharge:

  • Using a specific electronic record discharge order set, the high risk patient’s information is immediately sent to the COPD nurse navigators
  • Optional patient choice: use of bedside discharge medication delivery to eliminate the chance of missed medication doses

After discharge:

  • COPD nurse navigators engage with patients and further evaluate risks using the Modified LACE Index tool
  • The outpatient hospital-associated COPD clinic nurse practitioner is available for patients unable to see their primary providers after discharge or for acute clinical care needs
  • An on-site pulmonologist is also available as needed

Immediately post discharge, nurse navigators call patients within 48-72 hours. They assist the patient in obtaining a follow-up appointment within 5-7 days of discharge with either the patient’s primary care provider or the COPD Clinic’s nurse practitioner. An additional goal is a follow-up appointment during the 14-21 day post-discharge interval.

The nurse navigators monitor patients’ progress with follow-up phone calls as needed, providing timely disease and self-management education. They continue to trouble-shoot unmet related social determinants of health, for example, the ability to purchase and correctly use medications.

When the acute illness has stabilized, pulmonary function testing is encouraged. If patient is eligible, pulmonary rehabilitation, another evidence-based intervention, is also encouraged.

Monica Gamble, RN, pulmonary nurse navigator
Monica Gamble, RN, TTS, pulmonary nurse navigator.
Joy Stashonsky, RN, pulmonary nurse navigator
Joy Stashonsky, RN, TTS, pulmonary nurse navigator.
Results

In 2016, the program’s success was highlighted by the Advisory Board Company as a Crimson Program demonstrating chronic disease management efforts that impacted hospital admissions and care utilization. In its initial six months, readmission rates decreased by 34%, saving its organization over $500,000. Further data regarding Genesis’s readmission rates can be reviewed using Data.Medicare.gov.

Ongoing successes make the program sustainable from an administrative perspective. Additionally, the organization has been contacted by several of the state’s academic medical centers and other hospitals to further understand program elements for possible replication.

As the program continues and engages more patients, staff are seeing an increased number of COPD patients referred by those patients who experience better health and improved quality of life due to program participation.

Genesis Lung Services Team
Genesis Lung Services Team. Left to right: Emily Brawner, DO,. FCCP, Pulmonary Critical Care; Brandi Sharrer, RN, Heart & Vascular Services; James Adamo, MD, Pulmonary Critical Care; Mari Varhola, RN manager, Genesis Lung Clinic and pulmonary nurse navigators; Tisha Babcock, director, Pulmonary Critical Care.
Barriers
  • Reluctant patients
  • Transportation difficulties
Contact Information
Joy Stashonsky RN, BSN, TTS, COPD Nurse Navigator
Genesis HealthCare System
740.454.5644
JStashonsky@genesishcs.org
Topics
Care coordination
Chronic respiratory conditions
Health conditions
Service delivery models
States served
Ohio
Date added
November 29, 2017

Please contact the models and innovations contact directly for the most complete and current information about this program. Summaries of models and innovations are provided by RHIhub for your convenience. The programs described are not endorsed by RHIhub or by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy. Each rural community should consider whether a particular project or approach is a good match for their community’s needs and capacity. While it is sometimes possible to adapt program components to match your resources, keep in mind that changes to the program design may impact results.