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Module 2: Program Models

There are several types of community health worker (CHW) program models. These models vary based on the services provided, the patients and community members they serve, and the goals of the health program, among other factors. This module provides information describing the different types of CHW program models, how the models serve rural communities, and how the models can be adapted to meet your community’s needs. You will also find resources related to the differing CHW models.

To learn how to identify and adapt interventions, see Developing a Rural Community Health Program in the Rural Community Health Toolkit.

CHW Program Models

There are six different CHW program models. The structure of each model is designed to meet the unique needs of a community. The models are not mutually exclusive. Some CHW programs may implement components of more than one model, allowing for greater flexibility in program design.

How CHWs Serve Communities

CHW programs are often designed to assure that patients and community members get services they need. CHW programs can help communities build partnerships with healthcare delivery systems and provide education about health issues. They serve populations in rural, frontier, and Tribal communities.

Adapting Programs to Your Community

Each community has unique demographic, locational, economic, social, and cultural perspectives. CHW programs can be adapted to fit a community's particular needs.