Community Health Worker Compensation
Community health workers (CHWs) may receive compensation for their services. Health departments, hospitals, healthcare organizations, and other entities that hire CHWs may pay them on an hourly basis or as a full-time employee with benefits. CHW programs typically base compensation on local wages for similar workers. Adequate compensation for CHWs will contribute to their recruitment and retention.
Some states also permit reimbursement for CHW services through Medicaid. These reimbursement models include, but are not limited to:
- Payment for preventive healthcare recommended by a licensed healthcare professional
- Direct reimbursement by designating CHWs as billable providers
- A capitated model in which Medicaid pays a pre-specified amount to entities that employ CHWs
- Center for Medicaid and CHIP Services (CMCS) funding for Medicaid operating costs applied to services provided by CHWs
Volunteer CHWs may be compensated for their participation through incentives such as gift certificates or reimbursement for travel. Some programs require CHWs to maintain an independent tracking log to record information such as the number of outreach visits and mileage per visit. That information is then used to determine the appropriate incentive or reimbursement.
Resources to Learn More
Community Health Workers:
Financing and Administration
Summarizes and explains the variety of funding opportunities available for CHW programs, and how these different funding sources can be used by programs.
Organization(s): National Health Care Council for the Homeless
Community Health Workers: Best Practices and the Way Forward
Identifies initiatives and progress made by various states around the US related to funding mechanisms for CHW positions.
Author(s): Alvisurez, J., Clopper, B., Felix, C. , Gibson, C., & Harpe, J.
Organization(s): Yale School of Public Health, Southwestern Area Health Education Center (SWAHEC), Inc.
CHW Programs and Services in Minnesota: Looking to the Future
Focus on funding and issue areas for community health worker programs and services in Minnesota.
Author(s): Catherine Dower, Melissa Knox, Vanessa Lindler, Edward O'Neil
Organization(s): National Fund for Medical Education, UCSF Center for Health Professions
to Funding Your Community Health Initiative
Establishes main steps to securing funding for a community health initiative, which are based on assessing needs, developing funding partnerships, and effectively applying for grant funding.
Organization(s): County Health Rankings, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Health Care Programs Enrolled Providers - Community Health Workers (CHWs)
Provides enrollment criteria, CHW services covered, billing information, and additional resources for reimbursement.
Organization(s): Minnesota Health Care Programs (MHCP), Minnesota Department of Health and Human Services