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Module 2: Evidence-Based and Promising Food Access Program Models

There are multiple components of the food supply chain:

  • Production
  • Processing
  • Distribution
  • Retail and market
  • Consumption
  • Waste and recovery

Gaps or instabilities at any of these points in the food system can affect access to healthy food. Communities should determine where gaps exist in their local systems to address their food access issues. The most comprehensive initiatives target more than one point of the food system.

Program goals range from encouraging local food production, to making it easier for grocers to sell fresh produce, to helping schools serve more meals during the school day, even to informing local food policy. Selecting which program to implement depends on community needs, resources, community investment, and priorities. Programs vary in scope and are offered in community settings such as schools, markets, or faith-based organizations. Higher-level food systems work requires representation from a variety of sectors.

To learn how to identify and adapt interventions, see Developing a Rural Community Health Program in the Rural Community Health Toolkit on RHIhub.

This module provides information on multiple models of healthy food access initiatives that are organized into three primary categories plus the overarching systems-level.

In this module: