Programs that Focus on Improving Economic Stability
Economic stability allows people the ability to access resources essential to life, including financial
resources, quality housing and food, and a job that provides a stable, living
wage. According to the Healthy
People 2030 social determinants of health (SDOH) organizing framework, factors that affect economic
Employment and work environment
Food access to address food insecurity
Income/poverty and financial resources
Important indicators of economic
instability in rural areas include unemployment rates, housing and food insecurity, and poverty rates.
In 2018, the nonmetro
unemployment rate was 4.2% compared to 3.9% in metro areas. Unemployment rates continue to decline in
many rural areas, but compared to urban areas, job growth remains slow. Rural poverty
rates are also declining but are still higher when compared with urban areas, with a recent nonmetro
poverty rate of 16.4% compared to a metro poverty rate of 12.9%.
This toolkit describes 6 types of models and approaches for improving economic stability to address rural SDOH: