Community-Based Participatory Research Strategies for Addressing SDOH
participatory research (CBPR) is characterized by the collaboration and participation of
community members, researchers, and community organizations to achieve health equity through social
actions. Community-based partnerships allow for researchers to consider the impact of culture,
language, geography, and location when conducting research in different rural and remote locations.
CBPR uses research methods that help researchers build trust within communities, and allows community
members to participate in all stages of the research process. Developing a sense of understanding for
regional and cultural nuances is made possible via CBPR.
CBPR research strategies help empower community members to address local challenges, including health
disparities. This research approach has been found to be a promising way to address social
determinants of health (SDOH). CBPR builds upon community assets and helps residents identify
strengths as well as opportunities for action. For example, CBPR has helped American Indian and
Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations be more involved and better understand the value of cancer research.
When conducting research about SDOH in rural
communities, it can be even more important to engage community members in the planning and development phases to
increase their likelihood to participate and stay engaged throughout the course of the study. Different
methods may also need to be used to recruit enough participants, especially in harder
to reach locations. Efforts have been made at the community, state, and regional levels to impact
SDOH through academic-community
partnerships, a common type of CBPR. These partnerships allow higher education institutions to
use their resources to support community projects that are addressing SDOH and improving overall well-being.
Resources to Learn More
Strategies to Empower Communities to Reduce
Defines empowerment and provides examples of its application in communities. Discusses specific strategies for
policymakers to use to empower communities.
Authors(s): Thompson, B., Molina, Y., Viswanath, K., et al.
Citation: Health Affairs, 35(8), 1424-1428