Programs for children and families provide a range of services to address the specific needs of children from
families with low incomes, such as education, violence prevention, and foster care and adoption.
Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) State Grants provide funds to states to improve their
child protective service systems to prevent child abuse and neglect. The program emphasizes collaboration
between agencies for child protective services, health, behavioral health, juvenile justice, and education,
The Child Care and
Development Fund (CCDF) assists families with low incomes in securing child care while
they work, attend training, or complete their education. The CCDF subsidizes child care services for
eligible families through either vouchers or grants and contracts with child care providers.
support is a federally, state, tribally, and
locally-enforced parental responsibility that ensures that both parents provide emotional and financial
support for their children. The program emphasizes the importance of having both parents involved a child's
Child Welfare Coordination Grants
fund programs that model effective coordination of
Tribal TANF and tailored child
welfare services for tribal families at risk of child abuse or neglect. Program activities feature home
visits, family resource centers, and support groups for parents.
Community Services Block
Grants fund projects that reduce poverty in communities and provide necessary services such as
healthcare, education, and employment. This grant program aims to improve community self-sufficiency, living
conditions, and family and support systems for individuals with low incomes.
The Family Violence Block Grant
program funds State Domestic Violence Coalitions to plan integrated service delivery programs that serve the
needs of all victims. Grantees also aim to provide training and technical assistance to domestic violence
programs and service providers, increase public awareness about interpersonal violence, and improve the
and availability of immediate shelter and supportive services for victims of interpersonal violence and
Head Start promotes school preparation in young children
from families with low incomes through local community agencies. These agencies receive funding from the
Department of Health and Human Services to provide programs that support the mental, social, and emotional
development of children. Early
Head Start serves infants and toddlers under the age of three, as well as pregnant women, while Head
Start focuses on children from three to five years of age and their families. There is also a Migrant
Head Start program that provides services to children of migrant and seasonal workers from birth to
age five, and Head Start programs that focus on American
Indian/Alaska Native children.
Safe and Stable Families Program helps fund a range of services to prevent the unnecessary
separation of children from their families, while keeping children safe from maltreatment. Services
categories include family support services (e.g., child development programs), family preservation services
(e.g., parenting skills training), time-limited family reunification services (e.g., substance abuse
treatment), and adoption promotion and support services (e.g., connection specialists).
Rural Community Development (RCD)
grants funded by the Administration for Children and Families (ACF). RCD is a federal grant program that
works with regional and tribal organizations to manage safe water systems in rural communities.
The Social Services Block Grant funds
initiatives for children and adults that promote economic self-sufficiency to reduce dependency on social
services. Initiatives include child care, health related services, case management, housing, transportation,
and employment services.
The Substance Abuse and Treatment Block Grant
program provides funds and technical assistance to all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the
U.S. Virgin Islands, and 6 Pacific jurisdictions. Funds are for planning, implementing, and evaluating
activities to prevent and treat substance abuse. Block grantees supplement services covered by Medicaid,
Medicare, and private insurance to provide effective treatment and support services.
Title IV-E Adoption Assistance and State
Adoption Subsidies for Adoptive Parents provide subsidies to eligible parents to alleviate financial
burdens associated with adopting children with special needs. Under Title IV-E, nonrecurring adoption
assistance helps parents cover expenses directly related to the legal adoption of a child with special
needs, such as attorney fees. In addition, Title IV-E provides recurring adoption assistance to help
families meet the needs of the child until they reach 18 years of age, and in some cases, 21.