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Importance of Developing a Logic Model

A logic model is a visual tool that describes the need for a program, program inputs, outputs, goals, and objectives. It helps planners provide a rationale for choosing specific substance use disorder treatment and prevention programs, policies, and practices, and may identify the questions that will need to be addressed in an evaluation. Logic models for substance use disorder treatment and prevention programs should explicitly identify:

  • The problem that the program will address
  • Factors in the community that may be contributing to this problem
  • Planned interventions
  • Program's expected short-term, medium-term, and long-term outcomes

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) recommends that logic models for substance use disorder prevention programs show the relationships between the consumption of substances and health programs within different population groups.

Resources to Learn More

Developing a Logic Model to Guide Program Evaluation
Document
This guide explains logic models and their importance as a tool for developing programs and evaluation plans. It outlines the parts of a logic model and walks the reader through the steps of creating a logic model, including discussion of an example logic model for a mental health program.
Organization(s): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Examples of Community- and State-level Logic Models for Addressing Opioid-related Overdose Deaths
Document
Provides four examples of logic models for community- and state-level response to opioid-related deaths. The logic models are intended to guide identification of problem statements, goals, inputs, outputs, partners, and outcomes within states and communities.
Organization(s): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Date: 5/2017