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Rural Health Information Hub

One Health Recovery Doulas

  • Need: To support pregnant and parenting women with a history of substance use, mental health, or co-occurring disorders in rural areas of Montana.
  • Intervention: One Health, a consortium of Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), developed a team of "recovery doulas" – individuals who are dual-certified as doulas and peer-support specialists. The One Health recovery doula program offers group and individual services to women and their partners from pregnancy through the first years of parenthood.
  • Results: A team of nine recovery doulas (or doulas-in-training) employed by One Health offer services in ten rural Montana counties. Recovery doulas have provided essential support to women with substance use disorder, survivors of sexual abuse, unhoused individuals, and individuals facing other complex challenges.


One Health Logo

One Health is a consortium of Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) serving six counties in rural Montana. Since 2017, One Health has implemented a variety of program models to expand services for pregnant women with substance use disorder: a home-visiting nurse, the development of a peer support team, and the creation of peer support drop-in centers. These initial programs were supported by grants from the Rural Health Opioid Program (RHOP) and the Rural Communities Opioid Response Program (RCORP) and partnerships with the Montana Department of Health and Human Services and the Montana Healthcare Foundation.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, program organizers observed that doulas were being permitted to accompany pregnant women to appointments and births, but peer support specialists were not. Additionally, program organizers observed that their clients were at higher risk for relapse and suicide in the hours and days immediately following birth. These concerns led to the idea to create a team of “recovery doulas” — individuals who are dual-certified as doulas and peer-support specialists. The One Health recovery doula program is supported by RCORP Implementation and Planning grant funding.

Recovery doulas are trained in delivery positioning skills and all other skills for traditional doula practice, in addition to:

  • Labor supports
  • Calming babies
  • Feeding babies
  • Neonatal abstinence syndrome
  • Social determinants of health
  • Motivational interviewing
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Sexual abuse
  • Financial management
  • Medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) during pregnancy
  • Family plan of safe care
  • Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT)
  • Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs)
  • Trauma informed care
  • Indigenous traditions of perinatal care
  • Cultural safety

Services offered

One Health Recovery Doulas
One Health recovery doulas in-training.

A team of nine trained recovery doulas provide services to pregnant and parenting women and families in Bighorn, Custer, Blaine, Fergus, Judith Basin, Wheatland, Golden Valley, Musselshell, Petroleum, and Yellowstone Counties. The Crow Indian Reservation and the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation are located within this service area.

Individuals are usually referred to the program by emergency departments, clinics, and Child Protective Services (CPS). Individuals may also self-enroll at drop-in centers.

Group services include:

  • Classes on parenthood, including classes designed specifically for Native populations
  • Perinatal groups
  • Trauma-based groups for women and men
  • Mental and physical wellness groups
  • Fitness groups, including a stroller fitness group for moms
  • Art-therapy groups
  • Educational sessions at a local laundromat; costs for laundry are covered in exchange for participation in the session

Individual services include:

  • Weekly one-on-one visits with a peer support specialist
  • Individualized doula services (including assistance with household chores, preparing the baby's room, safety planning, birth support, and postpartum support)
  • “Daddy doula” services, offering education and support to fathers

Individuals are eligible for services until three years after the baby is born.


Program staff have supported survivors of sex trafficking, women with incarcerated partners, unhoused individuals, and individuals facing other complex challenges throughout pregnancy, birth, and the first years of parenthood.

Organizations from across Montana and other states have expressed interest in starting their own recovery doula programs using the One Health program model and training curriculum. One Health is currently training 28 recovery doulas from counties and organizations across Montana. They are also training 5 recovery doulas in Utah.

More information about the One Health Recovery Doula program, including personal stories of the program's impact, can be found in the following article and podcast:


Program staff initially encountered some skepticism and lack of knowledge regarding peer support from medical providers. However, this reaction became less common after staff received dual certification and were referred to as “recovery doulas” – and as stories of the impact of their work became more widely known.


It is important to select a doula certification program that is appropriate for individuals in recovery from substance abuse. For example, a curriculum which involves extensive independent reading assignments may be difficult for individuals with lower levels of formal educational attainment – leading to higher drop-out rates.

Program coordinators are in the process of designing an online curriculum for a recovery doula training that will make the training more accessible to peer support specialists from other states.

Contact Information

Megkian Doyle, Ed. D., Director, Regional Community Action Team
One Health

Behavioral health
Child welfare
Culture and cultural competency
Maternal health and prenatal care
Mental health conditions
Substance use and misuse
Trauma-informed care
Wellness, health promotion, and disease prevention

States served

Date added
October 30, 2023

Suggested citation: Rural Health Information Hub, 2023. One Health Recovery Doulas [online]. Rural Health Information Hub. Available at: [Accessed 29 May 2024]

Please contact the models and innovations contact directly for the most complete and current information about this program. Summaries of models and innovations are provided by RHIhub for your convenience. The programs described are not endorsed by RHIhub or by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy. Each rural community should consider whether a particular project or approach is a good match for their community’s needs and capacity. While it is sometimes possible to adapt program components to match your resources, keep in mind that changes to the program design may impact results.