Mother's Milk Bank of South Carolina
- Need: Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) across the state of South Carolina were purchasing breast milk from out-of-state milk banks for preterm infants.
- Intervention: The Mother's Milk Bank of South Carolina (MMBSC) opened 17 sites in South Carolina for breast milk to be donated, safely pasteurized, and delivered to NICUs across the state.
- Results: Over 260,000 ounces of milk have been donated to MMBSC depot sites and over 186,000 ounces of milk have been delivered to South Carolina NICUs.
Breast milk is recommended by the National Institute of Health for healthy infant growth and protection against infections. In situations where infants are born prematurely or do not have a source of milk, donor breast milk is considered safe when the appropriate measures are taken to collect, store, and pasteurize, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. There are risks involved in sharing breast milk of unpasteurized milk, such as contamination and exposures to medication, drugs, or herbs.
South Carolina's preterm birth rate falls below the
national average, at 11.2%. Neonatal Intensive Care Units
(NICUs) across the state have commonly purchased donated
pasteurized breast milk from
out-of-state milk banks to help nurture premature
In order to address the need for breast milk and provide
South Carolina mothers the option of donating locally,
the South Carolina Neonatal Consortium, the
South Carolina Birth Outcomes Initiative, and the
Medical University of
South Carolina partnered to open the state's first
milk bank in 2015.
The Mother's Milk Bank of South Carolina (MMBSC) manages 20 drop-off sites or "depots" located throughout the state, two of which are in the rural towns of Beaufort and Murrells Inlet. MMBSC safely pasteurizes donated breast milk to supply partnering NICUs in South Carolina at a lower cost.
Each milk depot includes at least one coordinator (recruits and communicates with donors, manages sites), a milk preparation technician (pasteurizes, screens, and distributes milk) and a medical director (oversees screening process).
MMBSC currently has contracts 12 South Carolina hospitals to provide neonatal infants with a milk supply for $4 an ounce and no charge to the patients' families. MMBSC opened with $196,000 in donations from 17 organizations across the state.
To ensure the safety of donated breast milk, MMBSC follows strict screening, processing, and dispensing guidelines established by the Human Milk Banking Association of North America (HMBANA), a professional organization that supports nonprofit human milk banking. MMBSC walks donors through a process that includes completing a phone screening, clearance from the mother's obstetrician and her baby's pediatrician, and a complimentary blood draw to test for HIV, HTLV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis.
After the mother is cleared as a safe donor, the donated milk goes through these steps before it is safe to distribute:
Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across the state administer the donated milk to premature infants weighing 3.3 pounds or less. These babies are fed a standard of 8 ounces of donated milk per day.
In the first two years since the Milk Bank's opening, partnering hospitals saved $86,911 in donor milk purchases. Other results since the Milk Bank opened:
- Over 260,000 ounces of breast milk have been donated to depot sites.
- Over 186,000 ounces of milk have been delivered to South Carolina NICUs.
- MMBSC has approved 359 donors with 151 currently active.
- An average of 1,320 ounces of pasteurized donor milk is delivered to hospitals each week.
The following explain more about South Carolina's preterm birth dilemma and how MMBSC is helping preterm infants and hospital NICUs:
- Mother's Milk Bank of South Carolina reports fewer babies sick as a result of donated breast milk, The Post and Courier, 2018
- South Carolina's first breast milk bank opens in North Charleston, The Post and Courier, 2015
- This video about the South Carolina Birth Outcomes Initiative includes MMBSC's impact on women and babies in South Carolina.
Accredited by the HMBANA, MMBSC has closely followed their guidelines and recommends other milk banks do the same. A mentor from HMBANA offered guidance to help MMBSC become fully operational through the following steps:
- Make sure the community already offers support for breast feeding, there is an adequate amount of interest from mothers to donate their breast milk, and NICUs in the state can benefit from the donations.
- Find a building that can house a milk depot.
- Purchase an adequate amount of freezers to keep the incoming milk frozen.
- Use the appropriate pasteurizing standards, such as
the Holder Pasteurization Method.
- Use a secure, electronic and manual filing system to keep all donor records organized and private.
Children and youth
Food security and nutrition
Maternal health and prenatal care
Wellness, health promotion, and disease prevention
January 26, 2016
Date updated or reviewed
January 10, 2019
Suggested citation: Rural Health Information Hub, 2019. Mother's Milk Bank of South Carolina [online]. Rural Health Information Hub. Available at: https://www.ruralhealthinfo.org/project-examples/882 [Accessed 21 October 2021]
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