SLV N.E.E.D.: Naloxone Education Empowerment Distribution Program
- Need: Growing concern in rural Colorado communities regarding prescription and illegal opioid overdoses.
- Intervention: Education efforts for health workers and the larger community, in addition to establishing a naloxone overdose reversal drug program.
- Results: Nearly all first responders are now trained to administer naloxone, participating pharmacies keep adequate naloxone stock, and ongoing service region dialogue to address opioid abuse.
The Area Health Education Center (AHEC) program was created by Congress in 1971 to improve the supply and distribution of healthcare professionals via strategic partnerships with academic programs, communities, and professional organizations.
The San Luis Valley Area Health Education Center (SLVAHEC) is a non-profit organization serving 6 rural counties in Colorado. Governed by a local board, SLVAHEC maintains flexibility to quickly address regional needs, and provide outreach effort mobilization within the community.
Partnering with its local healthcare workforce, SLVAHEC has initiated numerous educational opportunities including training workshops, guest speaker presentations geared to local providers, and support for youth programs introducing children to health careers.
SLVAHEC has originated several different prescription drug abuse prevention programs, including its most recent, the Naloxone Education Empowerment Distribution (NEED) program.
Naloxone immediately reverses all the effects of opioid overdose and gives enough time to rush a patient to the hospital for further treatment. The NEED project works to train, certify, and provide community members with necessary education and skills to successfully administer naloxone.
This program received funding from a 2015 Federal Office of Rural Health Policy Rural Opioid Overdose Reversal grant.
Learning from IV drug use-related infection outbreaks in other areas of the U.S. (rural Indiana and Northwest Colorado), SLVAHEC currently continues work on prescription and street drug issues with grant applications geared to “harm reduction” efforts using evidence-based approaches such as syringe exchanges.
SLVAHEC's program benefits are further reviewed in this short video:
Educational convening sessions:
- SLVAHEC held 6 educational sessions on addressing opioid abuse. The first 4 were geared to provider updates on the opioid problem. The remaining sessions, for both providers and community stakeholders, provided an environment for collaboration, and sharing insights into prescription prescribing patterns and problem solutions.
- SLVAHEC held numerous other community workshops, with outside experts working with community providers to implement new strategies addressing opioid addiction and abuse.
- SLVAHEC established 3 different neighborhood meeting groups across its service area, allowing space for concerned citizens to also strategize around solutions for prescription drug abuse.
SLV N.E.E.D. program:
- The N.E.E.D. project trains all first responders in the 6 county region to administer naloxone, a potentially lifesaving drug. After certification, naloxone is carried in vehicles or on the first responders themselves should they run into an overdose situation when responding to a call.
- SLVAHEC is also working with local pharmacies who participate by stocking naloxone. N.E.E.. certified administers can restock at participating pharmacies free of charge.
As the funding for the N.E.E.D. program runs from September 2015 to August 2016, early notable achievements included:
- 4 participating pharmacies
- Training of nearly all law enforcement agencies in the service region
- Training focus for individual members of the community
The San Luis Valley “Narcotics Committee,” composed of all five SLV healthcare organizations members, provided cornerstone work to address the opioid epidemic in the area. Further work was accomplished through additional grant funded projects, such as N.E.E.D., and has accomplished:
- A universal provider/patient contract used to fight “doctor shopping,” the patient behavior based in seeking multiple providers looking for opioids
- Opioid prescription guidelines to be used by three hospitals, an FQHC, and a local mental health center to help curb the volume of prescribed pills
- Continued regular meetings of neighborhood groups interested in prescription drug abuse
Adaption challenges, based on the philosophical viewpoint that naloxone access enables addicts, were addressed by the program’s ultimate focus in saving lives.
- If a naloxone program is the goal, know the product and know the pulse of the community
- Local healthcare workforce and community stakeholder support is important for implementation
- Clear articulation of the severity of the opioid overdose problem
- Transparent communication and open discussion
- Clear articulation that overdose problems are not limited to recreational users. Many involve chronically ill patients who take opioid prescriptions regularly for pain.
- Clear articulation that the opioid problem developed slowly and will require patience and time for improvement
- Build on collaboration potential that is a strength of close-knit rural communities
Freddie L. Jaquez, Executive Director
San Luis Valley Area Health Education Center
Pharmacy and prescription drugs
Prescription drug abuse
April 19, 2016
July 24, 2017
Please contact the models and innovations contact directly for the most complete and current information about this program. Summaries of models and innovations are provided by RHIhub for your convenience. The programs described are not endorsed by RHIhub or by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy. Each rural community should consider whether a particular project or approach is a good match for their community’s needs and capacity. While it is sometimes possible to adapt program components to match your resources, keep in mind that changes to the program design may impact results.