FirstLink Care and Support Program
- Need: To reduce suicide and substance-related deaths in North Dakota and Minnesota.
- Intervention: The Care and Support program provides support through phone calls, cards, and texting to those who have called suicide helplines or were referred by a healthcare provider.
- Results: In 2021, FirstLink made 11,466 calls and sent 1,127 cards to program participants.
FirstLink, a nonprofit organization located in Fargo, North Dakota, is working to prevent suicides in North Dakota and Clay County, Minnesota (located next to the North Dakota border). FirstLink is the designated 211 provider for the service area. Its Call Specialists answer calls 24/7 and provide confidential listening and information about community resources like financial assistance and support groups. FirstLink also answers the national 988 Suicide and Crisis Lifeline.
FirstLink also offers the Care and Support program (formerly the Caring Contacts program), in which individuals who are identified as moderate- to high-risk for suicide or are seeking drug or alcohol treatment can receive additional support and connected with available resources. Participants may be referred from partnering clinics and hospitals or when they call 211 or the 988 line. Fifteen rural clinics and hospitals partner with FirstLink for care and support follow-up.
FirstLink provides this support in collaboration with:
- Essentia Health
- Prairie St. John's
- Sanford Health
In 2016, FirstLink was awarded a SAMHSA Suicide Prevention Lifeline Crisis Center Follow-Up Grant. This grant was used to provide follow-up services to those at-risk individuals within 24 hours of being discharged from Altru Hospital in Grand Forks, North Dakota, and to study further the benefits of follow-up services. When the SAMHSA grant ended, FirstLink continued the program through the help of the North Dakota Department of Human Services and secured additional funding from different healthcare agencies in the region to sustain the program.
The Care and Support program is available to those 14 years old or older (those under 14 can join the program with a parent's or guardian's permission) who have expressed suicidal ideation in the last 24 to 48 hours or those seeking treatment for substance use. These individuals may have called the 988 line (answered by FirstLink) or the 211 helpline, or they may have been referred to FirstLink by one of four participating healthcare facilities.
These at-risk individuals are given the option to participate in the Care and Support program and receive:
- An initial call from the FirstLink Suicide Support Team within 24 hours or one business day of referral
- Handwritten caring letter(s), which lists helpline numbers
- Ongoing follow-up calls as the participant requests or as need determines
Call Specialists provide the following services through these phone calls:
- Assess adherence to aftercare and provide ongoing assessment of risk
- De-escalate situations and provide crisis intervention when appropriate
- Offer resources and warm referral for treatment
- Provide nonjudgmental listening and empower self-advocacy
- Help participants develop a crisis management/safety plan
The FirstLink 2021 Annual Report lists the following statistics about the Care and Support program:
- 2,440 referrals to the program
- 11,466 calls made to program participants
- 3,778 successful contacts made with participants
- 1,127 caring cards sent to participants
Below are FirstLink's statistics for general services provided in 2021:
- Handled a total of 83,976 contacts
- Gave out 33,265 resources
- Handled 15,465 contacts related to suicide
Callers' top three needs or concerns in 2021 were rent payment assistance, electric service payment assistance, and gas money.
One barrier is maintaining funding after a grant has ended in order to sustain the program. Another barrier is change in staff at healthcare facilities. FirstLink works to continue ongoing communication with healthcare facilities so they have the knowledge to refer participants to the program.
Start by setting guidelines for enrollment criteria and then train crisis center staff on how to recognize and refer callers to the Care and Support program. Ongoing training is essential for the staff making the calls and those making the referrals. Start small; once the staff is comfortable with procedures and enrollment criteria, expand the program.
Staff making contacts have a human services background and are trained in ASIST (Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training) and Mental Health First Aid. Facilities should follow best practices and procedures. FirstLink is accredited by the American Association of Suicidology and the Alliance of Information and Referral Systems. Facilities should have the capability to link the contact to resources in the community to provide multiple levels of care.
Engage healthcare facilities so that they are invested in partnering to screen patients for suicidal ideation and refer appropriate patients to the program:
- Find out who has the power to decide on a partnership
- Talk to the staff working with direct patient care
- Connect with hospital administrators
- Talk to nursing and social work staff
- Be persistent; if your first contact is not interested, talk to someone else
Once the connection is made, establish a designated contact person. Train hospital staff on the benefits of this program, have regular meetings and phone calls with healthcare staff, and provide materials like handouts and posters.
Contact InformationJennifer Illich, Executive Director
FirstLink Care and Support Program
Suicide and suicide prevention
Minnesota, North Dakota
July 5, 2017
Date updated or reviewed
July 8, 2022
Suggested citation: Rural Health Information Hub, 2022. FirstLink Care and Support Program [online]. Rural Health Information Hub. Available at: https://www.ruralhealthinfo.org/project-examples/961 [Accessed 10 June 2023]
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