Rural Residence and Poverty Are Independent Risk Factors for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the United States
Uses data from the National Health Interview Survey 2012–2015 to determine whether urban–rural status, poverty, and other individual- or community-level factors are associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevalence in the United States. Compares COPD predictors among current or past smokers and individuals who have never smoked.
Sarath Raju, Corinne Keet, Laura Paulin, et al.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 199(8), 961-969
Chronic respiratory conditions · Environmental health · Health disparities · Poverty · Rural-urban differences · Statistics and data · Tobacco use