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Rural Health
Resources by State: Kentucky

Williamson Health and Wellness Center (WHWC): Community Health Worker Care Coordination Program, West Virginia
Brief overview of a care coordination program using a team of community health workers, a registered nurse, and a nurse practitioner. Discusses the program's sustainability efforts, as well as key takeaways about the program. The program was funded under the Rural Health Care Coordination Network Partnership Grant Program from 2015-2018 and received additional philanthropic funding through a public-private partnership.
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Federal Office of Rural Health Policy
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Does a Program That Focuses on Lifestyle Changes Reduce Heart Disease Risk Factors in a Rural Community in Appalachian Kentucky?
Examines a tailored, culturally appropriate cardiovascular disease self-care intervention, HeartHealth, compared to a model of patient referrals to a primary care provider for standard care for cardiovascular risk factors in a rural Appalachian Kentucky community.
Author(s): Debra K. Moser, Frances Feltner, Martha J. Biddle, et al.
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
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Identifying Priority and "Bright-Spot" Counties for Diabetes Preventive Care in Appalachia: An Exploratory Analysis
Details a study of type 2 diabetes prevalence and mortality in rural Appalachian counties and compares rates with non-Appalachian counties.
Author(s): Peter J. Mallow, Michael Topmiller, Jennifer Rankin, Jene Grandmont, David Grolling
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 1(1), 27-33
Date: 2019
Type: Document
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Serum Cotinine Versus Parent Reported Measures of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Rural Appalachian Children
Highlights a study of secondhand smoke exposure in Appalachian children. Features data collected from children aged 7-9 and compares rates to national and Appalachian-state rates.
Author(s): Samrat Yeramaneni, Kimberly Yolton, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Kim N. Dietrich, Erin N. Haynes
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 1(1), 15-26
Date: 2019
Type: Document
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The Social Determinants of Health and the Decline in U.S. Life Expectancy: Implications for Appalachia
Study explores life expectancy in the U.S. and compares these trends to those in Appalachia. Looks at social determinants of health such as substance use, injuries, and suicide, among others, as possible contributing factors.
Author(s): Steven H. Woolf, Heidi Schoomaker, Latoya Hill, Christine M. Orndahl
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 1(1), 6-14
Date: 2019
Type: Document
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The Ecology of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
Summarizes results from an 8-state study of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), a drug withdrawal condition that may occur in newborns exposed to opioids during pregnancy. Discusses correlations to rurality, unemployment rates, poverty, and the supply of healthcare providers, and identifies potential policy interventions that could help. For interactive, county-level data, see the Simulation of County Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) Rates Tool based on study findings.
Additional links: Simulation of County Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) Rates Tool
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RAND Corporation
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Rural and Appalachian Disparities in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Incidence and Access to Opioid Abuse Treatment
Examines the disparity of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) prevalence in Appalachian and non-Appalachian Kentucky and in comparison to national data. Considers why data from this study may or may not be useful in identifying regional and national trends. Also discusses the challenges of providing substance abuse treatment to pregnant women and Appalachian populations.
Author(s): Joshua D. Brown, Amie J. Goodin, Jeffrey C. Talbert
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 34(1), 6-13
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
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Depression in a Depressed Area: Deservingness, Mental Illness, and Treatment in the Contemporary Rural U.S.
Examines the concepts of health-related deservingness and local moral economics to understand the diversity of moral responses to depression for rural women living in central Appalachia, Kentucky where economic distress has contributed to poor mental health. Women from a variety of ages, treatment encounters, work experiences, and family sizes, along with healthcare professionals from a variety of backgrounds and settings, participated in semi-structured interviews and focus groups.
Author(s): Claire Snell-Rood, Elizabeth Carpenter-Song
Citation: Social Science & Medicine, 219: 78-86
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
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Evaluating a Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program in Rural Kentucky
Reports on an evaluation of an adapted, shorter "Reducing the Risk" teen pregnancy prevention curriculum delivered in rural Kentucky high schools by local health departments. Evaluated student outcomes using survey data one year and two years after the programs were delivered.
Author(s): Brian Goesling, Joanne Lee, Robert G. Wood, Susan Zief
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Domestic and Intimate Partner Violence: Some Do's and Don'ts for Health Providers
Discusses the role rural healthcare providers can play in screening for and helping address domestic violence (DV) and interpersonal violence (IPV). Features a Kentucky physician assistant educator, universal screening at an Oregon Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC), and insights from a Missouri orthopedic trauma surgeon and a national DV/IPV technical assistance provider.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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