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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Medicaid

Medicaid State Plan Fee-for-Service Payments for Services Delivered Via Telehealth
Explains state policy options for paying Medicaid providers that use telehealth to deliver services, with the goal of increasing access to care in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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COVID-19 Emergency Declaration Health Care Providers Fact Sheet
Lists 1135 waivers available from CMS to help healthcare providers respond to COVID-19, with information for specific facility types including skilled nursing facilities, Critical Access Hospitals, and home health agencies.
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Report to Congress on Medicaid and CHIP, March 2020
Reports on three aspects of Medicaid: improving the structure of Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) payments, state reporting on the quality of care for individuals covered by Medicaid or the State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), and the timeliness and quality of Medicaid demonstration evaluations. Chapter 1 examines the relationship between DSH allotments to states and the number of uninsured individuals, the amounts and sources of hospitals' uncompensated care costs, and the amounts and sources of hospitals' uncompensated care costs. Table 1-1 details DSH spending for urban and rural hospitals and for Critical Access Hospitals.
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
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Predictors of Substance Use Treatment Initiation and Engagement Among Adult and Adolescent Medicaid Recipients
Presents a study on the indicators of substance use treatment among Medicaid recipients in rural and urban areas. Breaks down data by race, sex, and co-occurring conditions, among other measures.
Author(s): Bonnie K. Lind, Dennis McCarty, Yifan Gu, et al.
Citation: Substance Abuse, 40(3), 285-291
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
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Telemedicine and Pregnancy Care
Explores the role telemedicine can play in providing prenatal and postpartum care to women in rural areas. Highlights the types of specialized care that can be delivered via telemedicine to support maternal care in rural areas. Discusses some of the barriers to telemedicine implementation, including state-level Medicaid reimbursement policy.
Author(s): Gabriela Weigel, Brittni Frederiksen, Usha Ranji
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Making a Difference for Generations to Come: School-Based Oral Healthcare in Louisiana
Features a Louisiana Federally Qualified Health Center that offers primary care oral health assessment and fluoride varnishes in school-based health centers. Discusses the impact that access to childhood oral health services may have into adulthood.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Impact of Medicaid Work Requirements on Hospital Finances
Explores the potential financial impact of approved or pending Medicaid Section 1115 demonstration waivers that include work requirements on hospitals in 16 states. Provides a fact sheet on each state, including a section comparing the potential impact of Medicaid work requirements on rural hospitals' operating margins to all hospitals in the state.
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Commonwealth Fund
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Infants Without Health Insurance: Racial/Ethnic and Rural/Urban Disparities in Infant Households' Insurance Coverage
Explores how the uneven expansion of Medicaid affects the racial/ethnic health insurance coverage for infants across rural and urban areas in the U.S. Highlights spatial patterns in health insurance coverage among infants, and examines the probability that an infant will be born without health insurance coverage using 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS) data and logistic regression.
Author(s): Scott R Sanders, Michael R Cope, Paige N Park, Wesley Jeffery, Jorden E Jackson
Citation: PLoS ONE, 15(1)
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
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Medicaid's Role in Financing Maternity Care
Examines the characteristics of births financed by Medicaid and other payers in 2018. Describes the demographics and health status of pregnant women by insurance type, including urban versus rural residence. Provides state-by-state data on births by payer as well as the location of birth, access to prenatal care, and birth outcomes among Medicaid beneficiaries.
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
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Opioid Use Disorder: Barriers to Medicaid Beneficiaries' Access to Treatment Medications
Examines Medicaid beneficiaries' access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. Identifies state and federal policies that can impose barriers to MAT medications. Highlights how 3 states and the District of Columbia are addressing these barriers. Discusses challenges to medication deliveries to rural and small practices and access to addiction medicine providers in rural areas.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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