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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Mental Health Status, Need, and Unmet Need for Mental Health Services Among U.S. Pacific Islanders
Study examining mental health needs for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islanders (NHPI) of Marshallese and Samoan descent residing in Los Angeles County and rural Northwest Arkansas. Presents survey data for anxiety, depression, and alcohol use as well as need for, avoidance of, and delay in seeking mental healthcare. Discusses prevalence of these issues among the 223 survey respondents, comparing rural and urban-residing populations and noting disparities by gender.
Author(s): Andrew M. Subica, Nia Aitaoto, Bruce G. Link, et al.
Citation: Psychiatric Services, 70(7), 578-585
Date: 07/2019
Type: Document
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Trends in Clinical Research Including Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Participants Funded by the US National Institutes of Health, 1992 to 2018
Study in which data from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) system was used to find NIH-funded research focused on Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander populations. Features statistics including dollar amounts allocated to research, and funding amounts provided to various projects and organizations, with breakdowns by select states plus the District of Columbia and Guam.
Author(s): Lan N. Doan, Yumie Takata, Kari-Lyn K. Sakuma
Citation: JAMA Network Open 2(7)
Date: 07/2019
Type: Document
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Social Determinants of Health among Rural Asian and Pacific Islander Populations
Policy brief examining health disparities between Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) and White rural people. Fourth in a series of 4 policy briefs on social determinants of health. Features demographic statistics with breakdowns by race and urban or rural location, and age-adjusted mortality rates by gender and residence as of 2016.
Author(s): Janice C. Probst, Fozia Ajmal
Date: 07/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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A Unique Partnership Between the University of Hawai'i Cancer Center and the University of Guam: Fifteen Years of Addressing Cancer Health Disparities in Pacific Islanders in Hawai'i and Guam
Highlights a partnership between the University of Guam and the University of Hawaii Cancer Center focused on addressing cancer disparities in Pacific Islanders in Guam, Hawaii, and parts of Micronesia. Summarizes the 3 components of the program (research, research education, and community outreach) and discusses their outcomes and impact. The partnership is part of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Partnerships to Advance Cancer Health Equity (PACHE) program.
Author(s): Hali R. Robinett, Rachael T. Leon Guerrero, John A. Peterson, et al.
Citation: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine and Public Health, 78(6), 205-207
Date: 06/2019
Type: Document
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Health and Health Care for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPIs) in the United States
Compares the rates of poverty, job security, health status measures, and uninsured rates for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islander populations in the U.S.
Additional links: Infographic, Slides
Date: 05/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: KFF
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Ke A'o Mau: Strengthening Cultural Competency in Interdisciplinary Education
Summarizes an interprofessional cultural competency course focused on Native Hawaiians. Offers recommendations for designing other courses focused on training interdisciplinary teams in cultural competency to address health disparities.
Author(s): Theresa M. Kreif, Shayne Kukunaokala Yoshimoto, Noreen Mokuau
Citation: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine and Public Health, 77(12), 333-336
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
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High Prevalence of Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors among Adolescents in Pohnpei, Micronesia
Reports on a study of secondary school students in Pohnpei state, Federated States of Micronesia, regarding substance use and weight. Compares factors by gender, age group, school type, and grade level. Focuses on alcohol, tobacco, and betel nut use.
Author(s): Delpihn Abraham, Haley L. Cash, A. Mark Durand, et al.
Citation: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine and Public Health, 77(11), 283-288
Date: 11/2018
Type: Document
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Participation in Cultural Traditions Promotes Happiness and Peacefulness Among American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Elders
Explores the role traditional cultural practices play in the psychological wellness in American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian elders. Looks at rates of happiness, calmness, nervousness, and melancholy.
Author(s): Andrew Herting, Collette Adamsen
Date: 09/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Resource Center on Native American Aging
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The Validation of a School-Based, Culturally Grounded Drug Prevention Curriculum for Rural Hawaiian Youth
Details a study of a school-based drug prevention curriculum designed to be relevant to rural Native Hawaiian youth. Bases findings on faculty interviews. Breaks down the data by participants' gender, age, and position within the school.
Author(s): Scott K. Okamoto, Susana Helm, Lindsey K. Ostrowski, Lucille Flood
Citation: Health Promotion Practice, 19(3), 369-376
Date: 05/2018
Type: Document
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Veterans Health Administration: Opportunities Exist for Improving Veterans' Access to Health Care Services in the Pacific Islands
Details opportunities for veterans to access healthcare in the Pacific Islands. Discusses barriers to care, such as long travel distances, and the use of telehealth and the Choice Program as methods of improving access.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 04/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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