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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Specialty care

Mechanical Ventilation for COVID-19
Free online course designed to help licensed non-ICU hospital providers in supporting critical care respiratory therapists, physicians, and nurses in treating patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Topics include principles of mechanical ventilation, ventilator setting and adjustments, troubleshooting tips, and ventilating patients with conditions such as Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Obstructive Lung Disease.
Author(s): Susan Wilcox, Thomas Piraino
Date: 08/2022
Type: Tutorial/Training
Sponsoring organization: Harvard University edX
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The Association Between Primary Care Use and Potentially-Preventable Hospitalization Among Dual Eligibles Age 65 and Over
Examines the relationship between primary care and ambulatory care sensitive condition (ACSC) hospitalization among people age 65 and older who are dually-enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid. Features statistics with breakdowns by urban or rural location.
Author(s): N. Loren Oh, Andrew J. Potter, Lindsay M. Sabik, et al.
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 22(927)
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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Staving Off One's Mortality: Rural Kidney Health and Its Disparities
Describes rural disparities around access to disease-stabilizing treatment for kidney disease and to renal replacement therapies. Features insights from providers serving rural patients, as well as a rural kidney transplant recipient sharing her experience.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Colorado Rural Sustainability Network Chronic Care Management, 2020–2021
Highlights the burden of chronic care management by rurality in Colorado. Looks at cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and heart attack management across the rural and urban spectrum.
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Colorado Rural Health Center
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Comparison of Cancer Treatment Services Across Hospitals
Compares the cancer treatment services available at urban hospitals, rural prospective payment system (PPS) hospitals, and Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) in 2017. Highlights the percentage of rural PPS and CAH hospitals that offered comprehensive oncology services in 2008 and 2017. Examines the odds of hospitals offering oncology services based on the distance to the nearest cancer hospital.
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Update to COVID-19 Emergency Declaration Blanket Waivers for Specific Providers
Outlines specific temporary emergency declaration blanket waivers issued in response to the COVID-19 pandemic that the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) will end in May-June 2022 for skilled nursing facilities/nursing facilities (SNFs/NFs), inpatient hospices, intermediate care facilities for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ICF/IIDs), and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) facilities. Discusses the impact of these waivers on nursing home residents' health and safety.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Overcoming Disparities in Surgical Care among Native Americans
Discusses the disparity in access to oncologic surgical care for Native Americans. Details a pathway program at the Oregon Health & Science University aimed as increasing matriculation rates among Native Americans into medicals school.
Author(s): Thomas L. Sutton, Brett C. Sheppard
Citation: Bulletin of The American College of Surgeons
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Qualitative Analysis of Cancer Care Experiences among Rural Cancer Survivors and Caregivers
Examines cancer survivors and caregivers' perceptions toward cancer care in rural Nebraska. Discusses perceptions of community health status, sources of cancer information, cancer diagnosis, care coordination, provider communication and organizational support, and barriers to care, based on focus group data from 20 participants.
Author(s): Kendra L. Ratnapradipa, Jordan Ranta, Krishtee Napit, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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March 2022 MedPAC Meeting Transcript
Transcript from the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission's (MedPAC) March 2022 meeting. Covers findings from MedPAC's annual beneficiary and clinician focus groups, Medicare payment policies to support safety-net providers, opportunities to strengthen the geriatric workforce, integrating episode-based payment with population-based payment, and improving Medicare Advantage risk adjustment. Includes rural references throughout.
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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Consequences of Structural Urbanism: Urban–Rural Differences in Cancer Patients' Use and Perceived Importance of Supportive Care Services from a 2017–2018 Midwestern Survey
Examines health disparities in supportive cancer care based on data from 326 rural and urban Midwestern cancer patients from November 2017 to May 2018. Includes participant data broken down by rurality, age, sex, race, marital status, insurance status, and related cancer diagnosis. Discusses closures of healthcare services and limited resources in rural areas and their impact on healthcare access for cancer patients.
Author(s): Marquita W. Lewis-Thames, Patricia Fank, Michelle Gates, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(6)
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
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