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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Surgery

Overview of Operating Room Procedures During Inpatient Stays in U.S. Hospitals, 2018
Report offering statistics on operating room (OR) procedures during 2018 using National Inpatient Sample (NIS) data. Compares OR procedure rates to overall hospital stays, examines patient characteristics including rural and metro location, and ranks the top 20 OR procedures with breakdowns by gender, age, and costliness.
Author(s): Kimberly W. McDermott, Lan Liang
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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COVID-19 and Surgery
Resources for the surgical community related to the response to COVID-19. Covers clinical issues and guidance, personal protective equipment, regulatory updates, and more.
Date: 07/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: American College of Surgeons
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Place and Population Matter in General Surgeon Location and Practice Structure
Examines ways in which population changes over time in different geographical regions of the United States have affected the availability of general surgeons and quality of care. Explores the implications of hospital mergers on the viability of rural hospitals.
Author(s): Thomas C. Ricketts
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 4(4)
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
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The Distribution of the General Surgery Workforce in Rural and Urban America in 2019
Explores regional, rural-urban, and intra-rural differences in the supply of general surgeons, using 2019 data. Compares the 2019 findings to results of a similar analysis using 2001 data. Intended to give policymakers, workforce analysts, and medical educators an up-to-date picture of current and long-term trends in supply and distribution of the rural and urban general surgeon workforce. Features statistics with breakdowns by urban, rural, large rural, and small rural locations.
Author(s): Eric H. Larson, C. Holly A. Andrilla, John Kearney, Lisa A. Garberson, Davis G. Patterson
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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Nursing Preparedness: Words from Researchers and Rural Nurses
Focuses on job preparedness for rural nurses. Features three rural registered nurses and a nursing doctoral candidate sharing their experiences and insights about rural nursing preparedness.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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High-Volume Invasive, Therapeutic Ambulatory Surgeries Performed in Hospital-Owned Facilities, 2016
Examines the 20 most common major ambulatory surgeries performed in hospital-owned facilities. Provides data by select patient and hospital characteristics, including urban-rural hospital location.
Author(s): Zeynal Karaca, Kimberly W. McDermott
Date: 09/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Hospitals Face Financial Challenges Due to COVID-19
Describes the financial impact of COVID-19 on Kittitas Valley Healthcare in Ellensburg, Washington. Discusses the decline in emergency department and non-emergency surgery volume and changes to labor costs as a percentage of net revenue.
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Expect Delays: Poor Connections Between Rural and Urban Health Systems Challenge Multidisciplinary Care for Rural Americans with Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Investigates communication barriers between rural and urban health systems to identify factors that may be contributing to higher risk of major amputation among rural patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) compared to urban patients with DFUs. Barriers for rural providers include time-consuming referrals; poor interactions with urban providers; and data sharing issues due to multiple, disconnected electronic health records.
Author(s): Bryn Sutherland, Kristen Pecanac, Christie Bartels, Meghan Brennan
Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 13(1), 32
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
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Safety in Numbers: Hospital Performance on Leapfrog's Surgical Volume Standard Based on Results of the 2019 Leapfrog Hospital Survey
Compares hospital and surgeon volume for 8 high-risk procedures to Leapfrog's minimum volume standards. Identifies the percent of rural hospitals that meet Leapfrog's volume standard for each procedure, as well as the percent of rural hospitals that do not electively perform these procedures.
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Leapfrog Group
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Texas Surgical Assistants, 2019: Trends, Distribution, and Demographics
Fact sheet describing growth trends and population-to-provider data by county and geographic designation of surgical assistants in Texas. Features statistics with breakdowns by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas.
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Texas Department of State Health Services
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