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Alaska is the largest state geographically and covers 571,951 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 731,545 people – 238,379 living in rural Alaska (USDA-ERS). Juneau, the capital, is located in the southeastern coastal region of the state. The state's largest cities are Anchorage, Juneau, and Fairbanks. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 65.3% of the state's population is white, 3.8% is African-American, 6.6% is Asian, 15.4% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 1.4% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 7.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Alaska Rural Healthcare Facilities

Alaska Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of January 2020 Alaska had:

  • 13 Critical Access Hospitals
  • No Rural Health Clinics
  • 33 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 4 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Alaska

While most Alaskans have some form of health insurance coverage, 14% of residents remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Alaskans in 2018 was $59,420, although rural per capita income lagged at $58,025. Based on 2018 ACS data, the ERS reports that the poverty rate in rural Alaska is 14.5%, compared with 9.5% in urban areas of the state. 9.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 6.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2014-2018 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Alaska is 7.6%, while in urban Alaska, it is 5.5% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Alaska Office of Rural Health
Phone: 907.269.3445
Collects and disseminates rural healthcare information and data. Work to improve rural health professions recruitment and retention, and offers technical assistance to rural providers, hospitals, and communities. Coordinates rural health policy analysis in Alaska.
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There are more organizations related to Alaska in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 6/26/2020