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Rural Health Information Hub


Idaho covers 82,747 square miles, with a 2021 estimated population of 1,900,923 people – 617,697 living in rural Idaho (USDA-ERS). Boise, the capital, is located in the southwestern region of the state. The state's largest cities include Boise, Nampa, Meridian, and Idaho Falls. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 92.8% of the state's population is White, 0.9% is African-American, 1.6% is Asian, 1.7% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 13.3% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Idaho Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to April 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Idaho

While most Idahoans have some form of health insurance coverage, 12.2% of residents remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2020). According to the Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Idahoans in 2020 was $48,759, with the rural per capita income at $46,873. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Idaho is 12.0%, compared with 9.2% in urban areas of the state. 11.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 7.6% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Idaho is 3.7%, while in urban Idaho it is 3.5% (USDA-ERS, 2021).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Idaho Bureau of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 208.334.0669
Promotes access to quality healthcare through a variety of programs, services, and activities for residents in rural and underserved areas of Idaho.
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There are more organizations related to Idaho in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/19/2021