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Maine covers 30,843 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 1,335,907 people – with 544,216 people living in rural Maine (USDA-ERS). Augusta is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Portland, Lewiston and Bangor. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 94.7% of the state’s population is white, 1.6% is African-American, 1.2% is Asian, 0.7% is American Indian or Alaska Native, and 1.6% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Maine Rural Healthcare Facilities

Maine Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 34 hospitals in Maine (Kaiser, 2016), and 16 hospitals are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 40 Rural Health Clinics in Maine (CMS, 2017), and 18 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 150 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Maine

7% of Maine residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Maine residents in 2016 was $44,053, although rural per capita income lagged at $40,306. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Maine is 15.1%, compared with 11.7% in urban areas of the state. 9.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 7.4% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Maine is 3.8%, while in urban Maine it is 2.9% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Maine Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 207.287.5524
Manages health personnel recruitment and retention programs and provides technical assistance for communities to receive grants that benefit health care and rural areas; facilitates communication on rural health issues among providers, consumers and government programs.
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There are more organizations related to Maine in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 6/19/2018