For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Maine covers 30,843 square miles, with a 2021 estimated
population of 1,372,247 people – with 551,555 people
living in rural Maine (USDA-ERS). Augusta is the state
capital. The state's largest cities are Portland,
Lewiston and Bangor. According to 2021 data from the U.S.
Census Bureau, an estimated 94.4% of the state's population is white,
1.7% is African-American, 1.3% is Asian, 0.7% is American
Indian or Alaska Native, and 1.8% is of Hispanic or
Maine Rural Healthcare Facilities
Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Maine
5.1% of Maine residents lack health insurance (Kaiser,
2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service,
the average per capita income for Maine residents in 2020
was $54,211, with the rural per capita income at $48,457.
The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty
rate in rural Maine is 12.2%, compared with 9.6% in urban
areas of the state. 7.7% of the rural population has not
completed high school, while 6.1% of the urban population
lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS
data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural
Maine is 5.1%, while in urban Maine it is 4.4% (USDA-ERS,
Foundation State Health Facts;
U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts;
USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
Maine Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Manages health personnel recruitment and retention programs and provides technical assistance for communities to receive grants that benefit health care and rural areas; facilitates communication on rural health issues among providers, consumers and government programs.
There are more organizations related to Maine
in the organizations section.