Skip to main content


Maryland covers 9,774 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 6,052,177 people – with 151,075 people living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Annapolis is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Baltimore, Gaithersburg and Frederick. According to 2016 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 59.3% of the state’s population is white, 30.7% is African-American, 6.6% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 9.8% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Maryland Rural Healthcare Facilities

Maryland Rural Healthcare Facilities map

View full-size map

There are 50 hospitals in Maryland (Kaiser, 2016). The state has zero hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are zero Rural Health Clinics in Maryland (CMS, 2017), and 17 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 126 sites in the state (NACHC, 2016).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Maryland

6% of Maryland residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Maryland residents in 2016 was $58,052, although rural per capita income lagged at $50,042. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Maryland is 14.2%, compared with 9.5% in urban areas of the state. 13.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Maryland is 4.7%, and in urban Maryland, it is 4.1% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Maryland Office of Rural Health
Phone: 410.767.5300
Collects and disseminates information within the state, coordinates rural health interests and activities across the state, and provides technical assistance to attract more federal, state, and foundation funding for rural communities.
view details

There are more organizations related to Maryland in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 8/25/2017