The Republic of Palau is a sovereign state in the Pacific
made up of six island groups and over 300 islands. Palau
is freely associated with the United States via a treaty,
the Compact of Free Association States. It was formerly
part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands,
administered by the United States. Palau's residents are
citizens of the Republic of Palau and the capital,
Melekeok, is located on Babeldaob, Palau's largest
Palau has a landmass of 459 square kilometers spread across
700 miles of ocean, with an estimated population of
21,516 (CIA, 2018). According to the 2000 Census of
Palau, 71.2% of the population is Pacific Islander, 24.5%
is Asian, 2.8% white, and 1.7% other.
Palau's Division of Primary and Preventive Health has 4
community health centers (CHCs), the Northern CHC in
Ngarchelong, the Eastern CHC in Melekeok, the Western CHC
in Ngaremlengui, and the Southern CHC in Peleliu, as well
as 4 satellite dispensaries. According to the WHO Western
Pacific Regional Office, Palau has 1 80-bed
hospital, the Belau National Hospital. As of 2013 Palau was served by 26 physicians and as of 2010 there were
120 nurses and midwives.
The 2000 Census of Palau indicated that 54.4% of
households had an income below $15,000. The Census found
that 22.5% of Palau residents aged 25 or older had not
completed high school.
For additional resources and information, see Pacific Territories,
Commonwealth, and Freely Associated States.
CIA World Fact Book: Palau; U.S. Affiliated
Pacific Basin Jurisdictions: Legal, Geographic and