Puerto Rico is an island located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic. It is a commonwealth of the United States, and its residents are U.S. citizens.
Puerto Rico has a landmass of 8,959 square kilometers (CIA, 2017). The 2016 estimated population is 3,411,307, with a rural population of 149,032 (ERS, 2017). The 2015 unemployment rate in rural areas is 18.2% compared to an urban rate of 11.8% (ERS, 2017). According to data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 99% of the population is Hispanic or Latino, 75.8% of the total population are white, 12.4% are African American, and 0.5% are American Indian and Alaska Native (U.S. Census, 2010).
According to the American Hospital Association, there are 54 hospitals in Puerto Rico. There are no rural IPPS hospitals nor CAHs in Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico faces both the health concerns of developing nations in treating malnutrition and infectious diseases, as well as the chronic health problems faced by developed nations, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer.
For additional resources and information, see Atlantic Territory and Commonwealth.
Last Reviewed: 12/26/2017