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Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is an island located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic. It is a commonwealth of the United States, and its residents are U.S. citizens.

Puerto Rico has a landmass of 8,959 square kilometers (CIA, 2017). The 2017 estimated population is 3,337,177, with a rural population of 146,251 (USDA-ERS, 2017). The 2017 unemployment rate in rural areas is 15.6% compared to an urban rate of 10.6% (USDA-ERS, 2017). According to data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 99% of the population is Hispanic or Latino, 75.8% of the total population are white, 12.4% are African American, and 0.5% are American Indian and Alaska Native (U.S. Census, 2010).

Puerto Rico faces both the health concerns of developing nations in treating malnutrition and infectious diseases, as well as the chronic health problems faced by developed nations, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer.

For additional resources and information, see Atlantic Territory and Commonwealth.

Data Sources
CIA World Fact Book: Puerto Rico; Health in the Americas: Puerto Rico (PAHO); U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Last Reviewed: 1/2/2019