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South Carolina

South Carolina covers 30,109 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 5,148,714 people – with 743,306 living in rural South Carolina (USDA-ERS). Columbia is the state capital. The state's largest cities are Columbia, Charleston, and North Charleston. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 68.6% of the state's population is white, 27.0% is African-American, 1.8% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 6.0% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

South Carolina Rural Healthcare Facilities

South Carolina Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2021 South Carolina had:

  • 4 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 93 Rural Health Clinics
  • 118 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 28 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural South Carolina

10.8% of South Carolina residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for South Carolina residents in 2019 was $45,438, with the rural per capita income at $37,402. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural South Carolina is 20.6%, compared with 12.8% in urban areas of the state. 17.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.6% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural South Carolina is 3.6%, while in urban South Carolina, it is 2.7% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


South Carolina Office of Rural Health
Phone: 803.454.3850
Dedicated to ensuring equitable access to quality healthcare for all rural South Carolinians. Also functions as the South Carolina State Rural Health Association.
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There are more organizations related to South Carolina in the organizations section.