Texas covers 261,797 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 28,995,881 people – 3,075,261 living in rural Texas (USDA-ERS). It ranks second among U.S. states in both area and population. Austin, the capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 78.7% of the state's population is white, 12.9% is African-American, 5.2% is Asian, 1.0% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 39.7% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Texas Rural Healthcare Facilities
According to data.HRSA.gov, as of January 2021 Texas had:
- 86 Critical Access Hospitals
- 311 Rural Health Clinics
- 197 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
- 107 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Texas
18.4% of Texas residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Texans in 2019 was $52,813, with the rural per capita income at $42,214. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Texas is 17.1%, compared with 13.3% in urban areas of the state. 20.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 15.9% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Texas is 3.7%, and in urban Texas it is 3.5% (USDA-ERS, 2019).
Works with local health care providers, county leaders, and state partners to support access to quality health care for rural Texans. Assists rural health providers through a variety of programs including information and referral, assistance with medical license applications, grants and educational awards for individual clinicians, health care institutions, and other organizations.
There are more organizations related to Texas in the organizations section.