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Texas

Texas covers 261,797 square miles, with a 2020 estimated population of 29,145,505 people – 3,014,819 living in rural Texas (USDA-ERS). It ranks second among U.S. states in both area and population. Austin, the capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 78.7% of the state's population is white, 12.9% is African-American, 5.2% is Asian, 1.0% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 39.7% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Texas Rural Healthcare Facilities

88
Critical Access Hospitals
316
Rural Health Clinics
203
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
106
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov. July 2021.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Texas

18.4% of Texas residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Texans in 2019 was $52,813, with the rural per capita income at $42,214. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Texas is 17.1%, compared with 13.3% in urban areas of the state. 20.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 15.9% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Texas is 7.2%, and in urban Texas it is 7.7% (USDA-ERS, 2020).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets

Contacts

Texas State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 512.936.6730
Email: RuralHealth@TexasAgriculture.gov
Works with local health care providers, county leaders, and state partners to support access to quality health care for rural Texans. Assists rural health providers through a variety of programs including information and referral, assistance with medical license applications, grants and educational awards for individual clinicians, health care institutions, and other organizations.
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There are more organizations related to Texas in the organizations section.


Last Reviewed: 4/19/2021