Texas covers 261,797 square miles, with a 2018 estimated population of 28,701,845 people – 3,073,050 living in rural Texas (USDA-ERS). It ranks second among U.S. states in both area and population. Austin, the capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 78.8% of the state's population is white, 12.8% is African-American, 5.2% is Asian, 1.0% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 39.6% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Texas Rural Healthcare Facilities
According to data.HRSA.gov, as of October 2019 Texas had:
- 87 Critical Access Hospitals
- 299 Rural Health Clinics
- 182 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
- 96 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Texas
17% of Texas residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Texans in 2017 was $47,362, although rural per capita income lagged at $38,159. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Texas is 17.6%, compared with 14.4% in urban areas of the state. 21.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 16.7% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2013-2017 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Texas is 4.1%, and in urban Texas it is 3.8% (USDA-ERS, 2018).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Works with local health care providers, county leaders, and state partners to support access to quality health care for rural Texans. Assists rural health providers through a variety of programs including information and referral, assistance with medical license applications, grants and educational awards for individual clinicians, health care institutions, and other organizations.
There are more organizations related to Texas in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 3/8/2019