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Rural Health Information Hub

United States

The United States covers 3,537,438 square miles, with a 2020 estimated population of 331,449,281 people – 46,005,635 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 76.3% of the nation's population is white, 13.4% is African-American, 5.9% is Asian, 1.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 18.5% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Rural Healthcare Facilities

According to, as of January 2022 the United States had:

  • 1,355 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 4,959 Rural Health Clinics
  • 4,290 Federally Qualified Health Centers located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 1,080 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health

Most Americans have some form of health insurance coverage, however 8.6% of the nation's residents are uninsured (Kaiser, 2020). According to the Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for all Americans in 2020 was $59,510, with the rural per capita income at $45,917. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in the rural U.S. is 15.3%, compared with 11.9% nationwide. 13.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.7% across the nation lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The rural unemployment rate is at 7.0% while the urban rate is 8.2% (USDA-ERS, 2020).

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets