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United States

The United States covers 3,537,438 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 328,239,523 people – 46,063,061 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 76.3% of the nation's population is white, 13.4% is African-American, 5.9% is Asian, 1.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 18.5% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Rural Healthcare Facilities

According to, as of April 2021 the United States had:

  • 1,352 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 4,781 Rural Health Clinics
  • 4,128 Federally Qualified Health Centers located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 1,085 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health

Most Americans have some form of health insurance coverage, however 9.2% of the nation's residents are uninsured (Kaiser, 2019). According to the Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for all Americans in 2019 was $56,490, with the rural per capita income at $42,993. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in the rural U.S. is 15.3%, compared with 11.9% nationwide. 13.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.7% across the nation lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The rural unemployment rate is at 4.1% while it is 3.6% nationwide (USDA-ERS, 2019).

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets