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Rural Health Information Hub

United States

The United States covers 3,533,038 square miles, with a 2022 estimated population of 333,287,557 people – 46,108,315 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). According to 2022 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 75.5% of the nation's population is White, 13.6% is African-American, 6.3% is Asian, 1.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.3% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 19.1% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Rural Healthcare Facilities

According to, as of January 2024 the United States had:

  • 1,365 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 5,356 Rural Health Clinics
  • 4,921 Federally Qualified Health Centers located outside of U.S Census Bureau Urban Areas with a population of 50,000 or more
  • 1,005 short term hospitals located outside of U.S Census Bureau Urban Areas with a population of 50,000 or more

Selected Social Determinants of Health

Most Americans have some form of health insurance coverage, however 8.0% of the nation's residents are uninsured (Kaiser, 2022). According to the Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for all Americans in 2021 was $64,143, with the rural per capita income at $49,895. The ERS reports, based on 2021 Census Bureau data, that the poverty rate in the rural U.S. is 15.4%, compared with 12.8% nationwide. 12.5% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.1% across the nation lacks a high school diploma according to 2017-2021 ACS data reported by ERS. The rural unemployment rate is at 3.7% while the urban rate is 3.6% (USDA-ERS, 2022).

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets