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Virginia covers 39,594 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 8,535,519 people – with 1,034,447 people living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Richmond is the state capital. The state's largest cities are Virginia Beach, Norfolk and Chesapeake. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 69.5% of the state's population is white, 19.9% is African-American, 6.9% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 9.6% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Virginia Rural Healthcare Facilities

Virginia Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of January 2020 Virginia had:

  • 7 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 41 Rural Health Clinics
  • 86 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 30 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Virginia

9% of Virginia residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Virginia residents in 2018 was $57,799, although rural per capita income lagged at $39,562. The ERS reports, based on 2018 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Virginia is 17.2%, compared with 9.8% in urban areas of the state. 17.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 9.6% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2014-2018 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Virginia is 3.6%, while in urban Virginia, it is 2.7% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Virginia State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 804.864.7426
Collects and disseminates information; provides technical assistance; helps coordinate rural health interests state-wide; and supports efforts to improve recruitment and retention of health professionals.
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There are more organizations related to Virginia in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 4/3/2019