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Virginia covers 39,594 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 8,470,020 people – with 1,040,889 people living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Richmond is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Virginia Beach, Norfolk and Chesapeake. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 69.7% of the state’s population is white, 19.8% is African-American, 6.8% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 9.4% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Virginia Rural Healthcare Facilities

Virginia Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 92 hospitals in Virginia (Kaiser, 2016), 7 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 30 Rural Health Clinics in Virginia (CMS, 2017) and 26 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 162 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Virginia

10% of Virginia residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Virginia residents in 2016 was $52,957, although rural per capita income lagged at $36,415. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Virginia is 16.7%, compared with 10.2% in urban areas of the state. 18.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Virginia is 4.9%, while in urban Virginia, it is 3.6% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Virginia State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 804.864.7426
Collects and disseminates information; provides technical assistance; helps coordinate rural health interests state-wide; and supports efforts to improve recruitment and retention of health professionals.
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There are more organizations related to Virginia in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/18/2017