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Rural Health Information Hub


Virginia covers 39,594 square miles, with a 2020 estimated population of 8,631,393 people – with 1,034,096 people living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Richmond is the state capital. The state's largest cities are Virginia Beach, Norfolk and Chesapeake. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 69.4% of the state's population is white, 19.9% is African-American, 6.9% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 9.8% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Virginia Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to January 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Virginia

5.5% of Virginia residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Virginia residents in 2020 was $61,958, with the rural per capita income at $43,359. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Virginia is 16.0%, compared with 9.1% in urban areas of the state. 17.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 9.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Virginia is 6.7%, while in urban Virginia, it is 6.2% (USDA-ERS, 2020).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Virginia State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 804.864.7426
Collects and disseminates information, provides technical assistance, helps coordinate rural health interests state-wide, and supports efforts to improve recruitment and retention of health professionals.
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There are more organizations related to Virginia in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 5/2/2022