For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Virginia covers 39,594 square miles, with a 2020
estimated population of 8,631,393 people – with 1,034,096
people living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Richmond is the
state capital. The state's largest cities are Virginia
Beach, Norfolk and Chesapeake. According to 2021 data
from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 69.4% of the state's
population is white, 19.9% is African-American, 6.9% is
Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 9.8% is of
Hispanic or Latino origin.
Virginia Rural Healthcare Facilities
Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Virginia
5.5% of Virginia residents lack health insurance (Kaiser,
2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service,
the average per capita income for Virginia residents in
2020 was $61,958, with the rural per capita income at
$43,359. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that
the poverty rate in rural Virginia is 16.0%, compared
with 9.1% in urban areas of the state. 17.2% of the rural
population has not completed high school, while 9.3% of
the urban population lacks a high school diploma
according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The
unemployment rate in rural Virginia is 6.7%, while in
urban Virginia, it is 6.2% (USDA-ERS, 2020).
Foundation State Health Facts;
U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts;
USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
Virginia State Office of Rural Health
Collects and disseminates information, provides technical assistance, helps coordinate rural health interests state-wide, and supports efforts to improve recruitment and retention of health professionals.
There are more organizations related to Virginia
in the organizations section.