For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
West Virginia covers 24,078 square miles, with a 2020
estimated population of 1,793,716 people – with 672,791
people living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Charleston is
the state capital. The state's largest cities are
Charleston, Huntington and Parkersburg. According to 2021
data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 93.5% of the state's
population is white, 3.6% is African-American, 0.8% is
Asian, 0.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, and 1.7%
is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
West Virginia Rural Healthcare Facilities
Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural West
5.1% of West Virginia residents lack health insurance
(Kaiser, 2020). According to the Economic Research
Service, the average per capita income for West Virginia
residents in 2020 was $44,994, with the rural per capita
income at $40,872. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS
data, that the poverty rate in rural West Virginia is
17.6%, compared with 16.3% in urban areas of the state.
15.5% of the rural population has not completed high
school, while 11.6% of the urban population lacks a high
school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported
by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural West Virginia is
9.1%, while in urban West Virginia, it is 8.0% (USDA-ERS,
Foundation State Health Facts;
U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts;
USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
West Virginia State Office of Rural Health
Serves as the focal point for rural health issues in West Virginia. Addresses rural healthcare needs by planning and developing policy, providing technical assistance and managing statewide coordination of rural health activities. A division of the WV Office of Community Health Systems and Health Promotion.
There are more organizations related to West Virginia
in the organizations section.