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Rural Agricultural Health and Safety Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Agricultural Health and Safety.

Healthy Farmers, Prosperous Farms Video
Presents a video discussing the importance of health insurance in maintaining access to healthcare for farmers and their families. Details the rates of injuries for farmers and the risks that operating a farm without health insurance can pose to both the farmers themselves and their business.
Date: 09/2018
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Maryland Council
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Self-Reported Occupational Injuries and Perceived Occupational Health Problems among Latino Immigrant Swine Confinement Workers in Missouri
Describes self-reported occupational injuries and perceived occupational health problems among Latino immigrants working in concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) in Missouri. Includes statistics on occupational injuries; health status; healthcare access; and demographics, such as age, education, English language proficiency, marital status, length of employment, and more.
Author(s): Athena K. Ramos, Axel Fuentes, Marcela Carvajal-Suarez
Citation: Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2018
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
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Childhood Agricultural Injuries in the U.S.
Fact sheet compares the rates of fatal childhood agricultural injuries with those of other industries. Discusses nonfatal childhood agricultural injuries, as well.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety
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Facts About Agricultural Workers
Presents an overview of information and statistics about agricultural workers economic contribution, wages, legal status, health, and housing.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
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Child Labor in Agriculture
Addresses issues related to unaccompanied minors who are hired to do farm work and children of adult farmworkers who work alongside their parents. Covers farmwork injuries to children, hours worked, and laws related to child labor and agricultural work.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
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Perceptions of Diabetes in Agricultural Worker Communities
Details a study on the perceptions of diabetes among agricultural workers in farming communities. Discusses patients' experience of treatment programs and provides information on successful screening and management programs, as well as recommendations for health centers to improve diabetes care for agricultural workers.
Date: 2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Farmworker Justice Fund, Inc.
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Compendium of Measures to Prevent Disease Associated with Animals in Public Settings, 2017
Provides standardized guidelines for public health officials, veterinarians, animal venue operators and exhibitors, farmers, visitors, and those concerned with minimizing health risks from contact with animals. Describes risks from infections such as enteric diseases, rabies, influenza, and others.
Author(s): Russell F. Daly, Jennifer House, Danielle Stanek, Mary Grace Stobierski
Citation: Journal of the American Veterinary Medicine Association, 251(11), 1268-1292
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians Animal Contact Compendium Committee
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Agricultural Health and Safety Rural Health Chat
Summary of an August 2017 Twitter chat focused on agricultural health and safety. Documents a conversation among rural health experts addressing a range of topics, including health and safety risks related to agriculture and ranching, the role of the rural healthcare system and emergency responders, resources to address ag health and safety concerns, and innovative solutions.
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Pesticide Exposure and Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis among Licensed Male Pesticide Applicators in the Agricultural Health Study
Details a study on the correlation between exposure to pesticides by agricultural applicators and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Bases conclusions on questionnaire data from male pesticide applicators in 1993-1997.
Author(s): Armando Meyer, Dale P. Sandler, Laura E. Beane Freeman, Jonathan N. Hofmann, Christine G. Parks
Citation: Environmental Health Perspectives, 125(7)
Date: 07/2017
Type: Document
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Pesticide Use and Age-Related Macular Degeneration in the Agricultural Health Study
Highlights a study on age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and pesticide use among agricultural pesticide applicators. Analyzes self-reported data from a cohort of workers and their spouses in Iowa and North Carolina in 1993-1997.
Author(s): Martha P. Montgomery, Eric Postel, David M. Umbach, et al.
Citation: Environmental Health Perspectives, 125(7)
Date: 07/2017
Type: Document
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Health Insurance is Key to Farm & Ranch Economic Viability - 2017 National Farmer and Rancher Survey Findings
Details the results of a national farmer and rancher survey regarding health insurance coverage and its importance to health of agricultural workers and their families. Discusses the impact of health insurance coverage and cost on the agricultural economy.
Author(s): Shoshanah Inwood, Alana Knudson, Katlyn Morris, et al.
Date: 07/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HIREDnAg
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Lifetime Allergic Rhinitis Prevalence among U.S. Primary Farm Operators: Findings from the 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey
Presents the finding of a survey of farmers and ranchers on whether or not they suffer from seasonal allergies. Looks at the role of pesticide use, type of farming being done, and the prevalence of asthma, among other factors.
Author(s): Jacek M. Mazurek, Paul K. Henneberger
Citation: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 90(6), 507-515
Date: 03/2017
Type: Document
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Respirator Use among U.S. Farm Operators with Asthma: Results from the 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey
Details a study on respirator use by farm workers with work-induced asthma based on the 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey. Analyzes data based on type of farm/ranch, acreage, and individual farm-worker characteristics, such as age, marital status, and smoking status, among others.
Author(s): Megan L. Casey, Jacek M. Mazurek
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 22(2), 78-88
Date: 01/2017
Type: Document
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Heat Strain, Volume Depletion and Kidney Function in California Agricultural Workers
Presents a study of agricultural workers in California on the long-term health outcomes of working while being continually exposed to high temperatures. Discusses the complications that stem from repeated heat strain and volume depletion, such as acute kidney injury (AKI). Breaks down data by laborers country of origin, gender, and history of kidney disease, among other factors.
Author(s): Sally Moyce, Diane Mitchell, Tracey Armitage, et al.
Citation: Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 74, 402-409
Date: 01/2017
Type: Document
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Hydration and Cooling Practices Among Farmworkers in Oregon and Washington
Details a study on farmworkers' knowledge and practice of hydration and cooling measures in Oregon and Washington. Breaks down data by crops grown, main job tasks, and modes of hydration and cooling, among others factors.
Author(s): Jeffrey W. Bethel, June T. Spector, Jennifer Krenz
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 22(3), 222-228
Date: 2017
Type: Document
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New Institutional Theory and a Culture of Safety in Agriculture
Highlights a study on the development of a "culture of safety" in agriculture. Views agricultural safety through an anthropological lens and details an institutional theory of agriculture as a means of promoting and implementing safety measures.
Author(s): Brandi Janssen, Matthew W. Nonnenmann
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 22(1), 47-55
Date: 2017
Type: Document
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Heat Exposure in Central Florida Fernery Workers: Results of a Feasibility Study
Presents a study on field-based biomonitoring of Florida farmworkers for heat-related illnesses (HRI). Discusses the implementation of biomonitoring measures and their effect on the participants' ability to work.
Author(s): Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Jose Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Joan Flocks, et al.
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 22(2), 89-99
Date: 2017
Type: Document
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Use of Dieselized Farm Equipment and Incident Lung Cancer: Findings from the Agricultural Health Study Cohort
Discusses a study on the correlation between lung cancer and exposure to diesel exhaust in agricultural environments. Breaks down data by diesel and gasoline exhaust, length of exposure, and looks at the rates of cancer of both farmers and their spouses. Data based on questionnaires returned in 1993-1997 and draws from cancer registries up to 2011.
Author(s): Séverine Tual, Debra T. Silverman, Stella Koutros, et al.
Citation: Environmental Health Perspectives, 124(5), 611-618
Date: 05/2016
Type: Document
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Practical Solutions for Pesticide Safety: A Farm and Research Team Participatory Model
Highlights a study of a participatory research program which produced the Practical Solutions for Pesticide Safety guide. Input from farm managers and workers was key to the development of the guide, which is now used as an educational tool for agricultural safety across the Pacific Northwest region.
Author(s): Kit Galvin, Jen Krenz, Marcy Harrington, Pablo Palmández, Richard A. Fenske
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 21(1), 113-122
Date: 2016
Type: Document
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Farm Work-Related Asthma Among US Primary Farm Operators
Estimates the prevalence of asthma and the proportion of asthma related to farm work performed by primary farm operators using National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey data.
Author(s): Jacek M. Mazurek, Gretchen E. White, Chad Rodman, Patricia L. Schleiff
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 20(1) 31-42
Date: 08/2015
Type: Document
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Longitudinal Assessment of Blood Cholinesterase Activities Over Two Consecutive Years Among Latino Non-farmworkers and Pesticide-Exposed Farmworkers in North Carolina
A pesticide exposure study comparing the total cholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, and acetylcholinesterase of blood samples taken from Latino male farmworkers and Latino male workers with no agricultural pesticide exposure. Compares the differences between farmworkers and non-farmworkers probability of cholinesterase depression.
Author(s): Sara A. Quandt, Carey N. Pope, Haiying Chen, Phillip Summers, Thomas A. Arcury
Citation: Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 57(8), 851-857
Date: 08/2015
Type: Document
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Regional PM2.5 and Asthma Morbidity in An Agricultural Community: A Panel Study
Examines the relationship between the extent of pediatric asthma in patients and the concentrations of particulate matter in an agricultural community within the Yakima Valley, Washington State.
Author(s): Christine Loftus, Michael Yost, Paul Sampson, et al.
Citation: Environmental Research, 136, 505-512
Date: 01/2015
Type: Document
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A Pilot Study of Gait Function in Farmworkers in Eastern North Carolina
The results of a pilot study in North Carolina to identify and determine the usefulness of quantitative gait measures in Latino farmworkers, and to investigate differences in gait between farmworkers and non-farmworkers. Results of this study may be helpful in identifying individuals at risk for falling, and in developing interventions to prevent falling.
Author(s): Ha T. Nguyen, Stephen B. Kritchevsky, Judy L. Foxworth, et al.
Citation: Journal of Agromedicine, 20(4), 427-433
Date: 2015
Type: Document
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Characteristics of Farm Equipment-Related Crashes Involving Youth Occupants
Identifies the factors and data associated with injuries and fatalities in nine Midwestern states that occurred while children and adolescents operated farm equipment.
Date: 2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Great Plains Center for Agricultural Health
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Findings from the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS) 2000-2009: Profiles of Youth, Parents, and Children of Farm Workers in the United States
Examines the demographic and employment characteristics of youth crop workers, dependent children of crop workers, and farmworker parents. Focuses on the potential for pesticide exposure. Based on data collected between October 1, 1999 and September 20, 2009 through face-to-face interviews with 26,347 crop workers.
Author(s): Susan Gabbard, Annie Georges, Trish Hernandez, Carmen Sum, Daniel Carroll
Date: 11/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
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Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Risk and Insecticide, Fungicide and Fumigant Use in the Agricultural Health Study
Reports on a study to determine any linkage between the agricultural use of specific pesticides and the occurrence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and multiple myeloma (MM) on agricultural workers in Iowa and North Carolina.
Author(s): Michael C. R. Alavanja, Jonathan N. Hofmann, Charles F. Lynch, et al.
Citation: PLOS ONE, 9(10)
Date: 10/2014
Type: Document
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Pesticide Exposure and Depression Among Male Private Pesticide Applicators in the Agricultural Health Study
An analysis of pesticide exposure data among male pesticide applicators and its association with depression.
Author(s): John D. Beard, David M. Umbach, Jane A. Hoppin, et al.
Citation: Environmental Health Perspectives, 122(9), 984–991
Date: 09/2014
Type: Document
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Pesticide Use and Incident Diabetes Among Wives of Farmers in the Agricultural Health Study
Examines the relation between the use of certain pesticides by female farmworkers and the increased incidence of diabetes during a 10-year period.
Author(s): Anne P. Starling, David M. Umbach, Freya Kamel, et al.
Citation: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 71(6), 629-635
Date: 09/2014
Type: Document
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Occupational Risks and Pregnancy and Infant Health Outcomes in Florida Farmworkers
Presents the results of a cross-sectional survey of a sample of female farmworkers in Central Florida used to gather information about the workplace conditions and behaviors, and maternal, pregnancy and infant health outcomes.
Author(s): Jennifer Runkle, Joan Flocks, Jeannie Economos, J. Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Linda McCauley
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(8), 7820–7840
Date: 08/2014
Type: Document
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Assessing Hmong Farmers' Safety and Health
Reports results of a pilot project examining agricultural-related safety and health concerns and challenges faced by Hmong refugees working on family-operated farms.
Author(s): A. B. de Castro, Jennifer Krenz, Richard L. Neitzel,
Citation: Workplace Health & Safety, 62(5), 178-185
Date: 05/2014
Type: Document
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Concentrations of the Urinary Pyrethroid Metabolite 3-Phenoxybenzoic Acid in Farm Worker Families in the MICASA Study
Reports on a study of mothers and children within the Mexican immigrant population of California farm working families who are exposed to pyrethroid pesticides.
Author(s): Kelly J. Trunnelle, Deborah H. Bennett, Ki Chang Ahn, et al.
Citation: Environmental Research, 131, 153-159
Date: 05/2014
Type: Document
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Oregon Indigenous Farmworkers: Results of Promotor Intervention on Pesticide Knowledge and Organophosphate Metabolite Levels
Highlights a study on changes in health knowledge relating to pesticides of indigenous farmworkers in Oregon. Details the results of participants' pesticide knowledge from pre/post-intervention questionnaires and biological testing.
Author(s): Linda McCauley, Jennifer D. Runkle, Julie Samples, et al.
Citation: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 55(10), 1164-1170
Date: 10/2013
Type: Document
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Pesticide Exposure and Self-Reported Incident Depression Among Wives in the Agricultural Health Study
An analysis of pesticide exposure data among farmers’ wives and its association with depression.
Author(s): John D. Beard, Jane A. Hoppin, Marie Richards, et al.
Citation: Environmental Research, 126, 31-42
Date: 10/2013
Type: Document
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Injuries to Farm Children Decrease Overall: However, Injury Rates Rise for Young, Non-Working Children
Presents preliminary data from the 2012 Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (CAIS).
Citation: Nurture, 16(2), 1-2
Date: 09/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety
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Exposed and Ignored: How Pesticides are Endangering Our Nation’s Farmworkers
Provides an overview of the dangers confronting farmworkers and their families in the U.S. from the use of pesticides and pesticide exposures.
Date: 2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Farmworker Justice Fund, Inc.
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Blueprint for Protecting Children in Agriculture: The 2012 National Action Plan
Discusses preventing childhood agricultural injury and death. The Blueprint endeavor builds upon the 1996 plan that launched a national initiative leading to a reduction in nonfatal injuries among children who live on, visit, and work on farms. Mentions rural throughout.
Author(s): BC Lee, SS Gallagher, AK Liebman, et al.
Date: 05/2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety
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Migratory & Seasonal Farmworker Population Estimates
Two interactive maps that display USDA’s Census of Agriculture 2012 estimates of the number of crop and animal production workers by county. Estimates also include, for most of the counties, the number of child dependents and spouses not involved with farmwork, complied from the Department of Labor’s National Agricultural Workers Survey.
Date: 2012
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
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AgrAbility: Cultivating Success in Agriculture, Employment, and Rural Life for People with Disabilities and their Families, 1991 to 2011 and Beyond
Highlights AgrAbility's 20 year history of service and the program's impact in direct services, education, networking, and other areas. Contains a variety of client success stories.
Date: 09/2011
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National AgrAbility Project
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Safety Guidelines for Hired Adolescent Farm Workers
Provides resources and guidance for training adolescent farmworkers to ensures safety while addressing specific work tasks common in agricultural production. Presents guidelines to be used by crew leaders and other supervisors in the field.
Additional links: En Español
Date: 02/2010
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety
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National Agricultural Workers Survey: Agricultural Worker Tables
Presents data on agricultural workers from the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS). Presents data by demographic characteristics, health insurance coverage, and agricultural occupational injury, among others.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Labor
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Farm Town Strong
Website details information and resources to support agricultural communities affected by the opioid epidemic. Presents crisis hotlines, links to treatment centers, prevention resources, and prescription drug disposal for rural agricultural communities.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organizations: American Farm Bureau Federation, National Farmers Union
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Cleanup after Flooding
Presents an infographic on post-flood hazards in agricultural environments. Summarizes risk factors, tips for prevention, and offers fact sheets for further reading on farm hazards, as well as additional resources.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: AgriSafe Network
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Musculoskeletal Symptoms Among Farmers
Presents a study analyzing musculoskeletal pain in farmers in 9 different Midwestern states through surveys and direct measurements taken every 6 months from 2012 to 2015. Discusses physical measurements taken to record muscle activity and Whole Body Vibration exposure while operating 112 agricultural vehicles.
Author(s): Nathan Fethke, Fred Gerr, Joe Cavanaugh, et al.
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Great Plains Center for Agricultural Health
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AgriSafe OnDemand Webinars
A collection of recorded webinars that address a variety of agricultural health and safety issues, including hearing protection, protective equipment, and safety for young workers. Lists both free, publicly available and members-only recordings.
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: AgriSafe Network
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Clinician Guides for Farmworker Health and Safety Regulations
Guides to help inform clinicians about farmworker health and safety regulations regarding sanitation, exposure to agricultural chemicals, food quality, and worker protection standards.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Migrant Clinicians Network
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Health Tips/Consejos de Salud
A bilingual, quarterly publication focused on health topics and issues relevant to the farmworker and the general Hispanic population.
Type: Journal/Newsletter
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Farmworker Health
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Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) Agricultural Operations
Provides a variety of information and statistics regarding the hazards of working in agriculture, and includes federal and state standards related to agricultural operations.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Occupational Safety & Health Administration
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Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Initiative
A tool that facilitates the use of data to develop and improve prevention efforts, and encourage the use of effective prevention strategies by the private and public sectors to raise awareness and concern about childhood agricultural injury issues.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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NIOSH Agricultural Safety and Health Centers
The Centers for Agricultural Disease and Injury Research, Education, and Prevention conduct research, education, and prevention projects to address agricultural health and safety problems, and are distributed throughout the nation to be responsive to the agricultural health and safety issues unique to the different regions.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Nurture
Published twice a year. Disseminates information on children's rural health and safety.
Type: Journal/Newsletter
Sponsoring organization: National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety
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Workplace Safety & Health Topics: Agricultural Safety
Presents research, statistics and data regarding agricultural safety in the United States.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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All Hazards: Resources to Help Rural Communities Prepare for Disasters and Other Hazards
Provides resources to help citizens of rural agricultural communities prepare for and recover from a number of natural and man-made threats, including dangers related to agrochemicals.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Iowa State University
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PubMed Search: Agricultural Health and Safety
Searches PubMed's collection of journal article citations on topics related to agricultural health and safety.
Type: Literature Search
Sponsoring organization: U.S. National Library of Medicine
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WISQARS (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System)
An interactive database system that provides fatal and nonfatal injury, violent death, and cost of injury data from a variety of sources. Fatal injury data is available by metropolitan/nonmetro status in the Fatal Injury Reports section. Fatal Injury Mapping section provides access to county-level data.
Type: Database
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Farm Families Alive & Well
Newsletter addressing agricultural health and safety issues. Published four times per year.
Type: Journal/Newsletter
Sponsoring organizations: Great Plains Center for Agricultural Health, Iowa's Center for Agricultural Safety and Health
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Tox Town
Information and resources on environmental health issues to help the general public work to reduce health risks caused by the toxic chemicals in the environment. Includes sections focused on farms and the Southwest, as well as other locations.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. National Library of Medicine
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National Pesticide Information Center
Information resource on pesticides and pesticide-related topics to support informed decision-making about pesticides and their use.
Type: Website
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OSHA Safety & Health Topics: Agricultural Operations
An overview of health and safety issues related to farming. Includes information on common agricultural hazards, resources, and relevant Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) standards.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Occupational Safety & Health Administration
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Youth in Agriculture
Describes common agricultural hazards and offers potential safety solutions that both employers and young workers can utilize to prevent accidents and avoid injury on the job.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Occupational Safety & Health Administration
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Last Updated: 10/9/2018