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Community Health Workers in Rural Settings – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Community Health Workers in Rural Settings.

How Community Health Workers Are Impacting Rural Communities
Describes ways in which communities can use funding to build community health worker programs, in order to reduce health disparities. Highlights the University of Kansas Medical Center's Local Health Equity Action Teams initiative in 10 counties, 6 of which are rural.
Author(s): Shelby Rowell
Date: 04/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
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Rural Healthcare Disparities in the United States: Can Our Payer Structures Help Us Get Upstream?
Describes a care model utilizing CHWs to engage patients by screening for diseases, and offering education and information to help them manage their chronic conditions in an accessible, non-traditional setting such as a food bank distribution center, county fair, livestock auction, and educational events in rural Idaho. Discusses the value of CHWs, along with a primary care team, in improving outcomes for populations at risk, and the absence of payment models to support this model.
Author(s): Kelly McGrath
Citation: Journal of General Internal Medicine, 38 (Suppl 1), 16-17
Date: 03/2023
Type: Document
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State Policies for Expanding Medicaid Coverage of Community Health Worker (CHW) Services
Discusses state Medicaid coverage policies regarding Community Health Workers (CHWs) in place as of July 1, 2022, and planned for fiscal year 2023. Covers CHW coverage initiatives implemented or planned through Medicaid state plan amendments, Section 1115 demonstration authority, and as part of a Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) model.
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: KFF
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Community Health Worker Intervention Improves Early Childhood Vaccination Rates: Results from a Propensity-Score Matching Evaluation
Examines the effectiveness of community health worker (CHW) home visiting interventions in the Health Start Program (HSP) in Arizona to improve childhood vaccination rates. Utilizes the Arizona State Immunization Information System (ASIIS) database to compare vaccination uptake among children whose mothers participated in HSP between 2006 and 2016 to a demographically similar cohort. Analyzes vulnerable populations with a history of low vaccination uptake including Hispanic/Latinx, American Indian, children of low socioeconomic status and/or living with parents with less than a high school education, rural border counties, children with teen mothers, and first-born children.
Author(s): Patrick Wightman, Kelly McCue, Samantha Sabo, et al.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 22:1854
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
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Promotoras de Salud in a Father-Focused Nutrition and Physical Activity Program for Border Communities: Approaches and Lessons Learned from Collaboration
Explores the role community health workers, or promotoras de salud, played the design, implementation, and evaluation of a father-focused health program for rural Latino communities on the U.S.-Mexico border. Highlights some of the health and wellness issues for children and adults in the poor and underserved colonias along the U.S.-Mexico border.
Author(s): Cassandra M. Johnson, Marlyn A. Allicock, Joseph R. Sharkey, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(18), 11660
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Evaluating the Dissemination and Implementation of a Community Health Worker-Based Community Wide Campaign to Improve Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Physical Activity among Latinos along the U.S.-Mexico Border
Describes a culturally tailored community-wide program to augment fruit and vegetable consumption and promote physical activity among 5,686 low-income Latinos of Mexican descent living in Texas. Features demographics and statistics on changes in fruit and vegetable consumption over the course of the intervention.
Author(s): Paul Gerardo Yeh, Belinda M. Reininger, Lisa A. Mitchell-Bennett, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(8), 4514
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Medicaid Coverage of Community Health Worker Services
Provides an overview of types of community health workers (CHWs) and the services they provide. Summarizes studies examining the effects of CHW programs on health outcomes and costs. Discusses state approaches to covering CHW services through Medicaid, including the services covered, regulatory authorities used to provide Medicaid payment, the populations served, and training and certification requirements.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
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The Use of Community Health Workers in Community Health Centers
Examines changes in the community health workers (CHWs) workforce among community health centers (CHCs) from 2016-2018 and factors associated with the use of CHWs. Features statistics on characteristics of CHCs in the study and factors associated with use of CHWs in CHCs, with breakdowns by rural location.
Author(s): Jeongyoung Park, Marsha Regenstein, Nicholas Chong, Chinelo L. Onyilofor
Citation: Medical Care, 59(10), S457-S462
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
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On the Front Lines of Health Equity: Community Health Workers
Provides an overview of the roles of community health workers (CHWs) and the benefits they can bring to healthcare organizations and communities. Serves as a resource for organizations planning and implementing a new CHW program. Includes information and best practices on assessing community needs, recruiting CHWs, and securing sustainable program funding.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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CHWs At Work: Making a Difference for Oklahoma's Marshallese Community
Highlights an Oklahoma program that uses community health workers (CHWs) for outreach to the Marshallese community in a three-county area. Provides a brief history and overview of the Marshallese population and discusses the health concerns the CHWs address.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Last Updated: 5/9/2023