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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Cancer

The COVID-19 Pandemic: Reversing 20 Years of Rural Mortality Improvement
Slides that present disparities in COVID-19 mortality according to race/ethnicity and rural versus urban populations. Tracks changing mortality data from 1999 to 2020 for chronic diseases and behavioral health issues, such as cancer, diabetes, suicide, substance abuse, and unintentional accidents.
Author(s): Janice C. Probst, Elizabeth Crouch, Christina Andrews
Date: 05/2022
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Rural-Urban Differences in Breast Cancer Surgical Delays in Medicare Beneficiaries
Examines patients with early-stage breast cancer to evaluate biopsy-to-surgery delays by rurality of patient and surgery location. Analyzes 238,491 patients who underwent breast cancer surgery with demographic breakdowns by age, hospital type/location, race/ethnicity, area deprivation index, and patient and surgery location such as isolated small rural town, small rural town, large rural city/town, and urban.
Author(s): Ronnie J. Zipkin, Andrew Schaefer, Changzhen Wang, et al.
Citation: Annals of Surgical Oncology, 29(9), 5759-5769
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
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Rural–Urban Disparities in Health Access Factors Over Time: Implications for Cancer Prevention and Health Equity in the Midwest
Examines environmental and socioeconomic factors in rural and urban counties to understand differences in cancer burden and healthcare access. Analyzes 123 counties in Kansas and Missouri from 2009 to 2017 for health equity factors such as primary care provider availability, lack of insurance, unemployment, and childhood poverty. Includes rural versus urban cancer mortality rates in Kansas from 2008-2017.
Author(s): Jordan Baker, Hope Krebill, Hanluen Kuo, et al.
Citation: Health Equity, 6(1), 382–389.
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
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Racial and Ethnic Differences in Rural-Urban Trends in 5-Year Survival of Patients With Lung, Prostate, Breast, and Colorectal Cancers: 1975-2011 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)
Results of a cross-sectional study of 3,659,417 cancer patients, using an epidemiological assessment of 1975-2011 data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Features demographics and statistics with breakdowns by type of cancer, race or ethnicity, and urban or rural location.
Author(s): Marquita W. Lewis-Thames, Marvin E. Langston, Saira Khan, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(5)
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
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Comparison of Cancer Treatment Services Across Hospitals
Compares the cancer treatment services available at urban hospitals, rural prospective payment system (PPS) hospitals, and Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) in 2017. Highlights the percentage of rural PPS and CAH hospitals that offered comprehensive oncology services in 2008 and 2017. Examines the odds of hospitals offering oncology services based on the distance to the nearest cancer hospital.
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Analysis of Cancer Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices in Adolescents and Young Adults in Two Texas Rural Communities
Explores attitudes about cancer in young adults who live in rural areas through The Youth and Young Adults Cancer Knowledge Attitudes and Practices (C-KAP) study. Utilizes survey data from 141 participants aged 18-39 to analyze participant knowledge about cancer, perceived health status, impacts on cancer screenings due to COVID-19, and other cancer-related issues. Includes demographic information of participants such as age, sex, marital status, education, income, and more.
Author(s): Eva M Moya, Silvia Chávez-Baray, Araceli Garcia, Robert McCreary
Citation: Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing, 59
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
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Cancer Screening Prevalence and Associated Factors Among US Adults
A compilation of Preventing Chronic Disease articles related to cancer screenings published between 2020 and 2022. Covers issues such as colorectal, breast, lung, and cervical cancer; cancer screening disparities in minority groups; and rural versus urban cancer screening disparities, among other topics.
Author(s): Arsham Alamian, Semra Aytur, Ronny A. Bell, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Cancer Screening among Rural People Who Use Drugs: Colliding Risks and Barriers
Examines cancer screening trends related to people who use drugs (PWUD) from 37 participant surveys and 8 follow-up interviews conducted between July 2020 and July 2021. Discusses issues of healthcare access and stigma for PWUD and how these issues impact cancer disparities in rural areas.
Author(s): Wiley D. Jenkins, Jennifer Rose, Yamile Molina, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(8)
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Identification of Cancer Related Risk and Protective Factors for American Indian Youth: A Mixed Studies Review
Analyzes 75 journal articles to identify cancer related themes impacting the health of American Indian youth. Discusses risk and protective factors at the individual, non-family relationship, family relationship, community, institutional, and cultural level. Highlights the need for better data collection tools and describes potential interventions on the part of tribal communities.
Author(s): Melanie Nadeau, Kathryn Wise, Vianca Farfan Cuela, Devon Olson, Karan Saravana
Citation: Frontiers in Public Health
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Factors Associated With Clinician Recommendations for Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Average-Risk Patients: Data From a National Survey
Examines if and when primary care clinicians (PCCs) and gastroenterologists (GIs) recommend colorectal cancer (CRC) screenings according to results from a 2019 online survey of 814 PCCs and 159 GIs. Discusses factors such as provider characteristics, number of patients, and practice location, including rural, suburban, or urban. Includes rural versus urban differences in routine CRC screening recommendation practices.
Author(s): Xuan Zhu, Emily Weiser, Debra J. Jacobson, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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