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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Cancer

Lung Cancer Incidence in Nonmetropolitan and Metropolitan Counties — United States, 2007–2016
Reports on lung cancer incidence rates in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties, with data by sex and by age at diagnosis. Includes data for 2007 and 2016, as well as the change in rate from 2007 to 2016. Discusses strategies to reduce exposure to lung cancer risk factors and how those strategies might be targeted to decrease disparities.
Author(s): Mary Elizabeth O'Neil, S. Jane Henley, Elizabeth A. Rohan, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(44), 993-998
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Potentially Excess Deaths from the Five Leading Causes of Death in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties — United States, 2010–2017
Reports on the rural-urban disparities regarding potentially preventable deaths caused by heart disease, cancer, unintentional injury, chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD), and stroke for populations less than 80 years of age. Updates a January 2017 report on the same topic, with the new report using a 6-level urban-rural classification scheme and adding additional years and annual percentage change information.
Additional links: Supplementary Table 1: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 2: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 3: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro, Supplementary Table 4: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro
Author(s): Macarena C. Garcia, Lauren M. Rossen, Brigham Bastian, et al.
Citation: MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 68(10), 1-11
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Risk Factors and Potentially Preventable Deaths in Rural Communities
Compares rates of potentially avoidable deaths in rural and urban communities and shows how these deaths vary by census region. Features statistics on modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, and obesity, and percent of potentially preventable deaths attributable to specific health conditions, with breakdowns by rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Mark Holmes, Kristie W. Thompson
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Effective Communication and Consistency in Increasing Rural Vaccination Rates
Discusses barriers to vaccination in rural areas and strategies to improve vaccination rates. Features efforts in a Louisiana Rural Health Clinic (RHC) and in rural Kentucky high schools that are increasing vaccination rates.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Examining Rural Cancer Prevention and Control Efforts: Policy Brief and Recommendations to the Secretary
Provides an overview of issues related to cancer in rural areas, including barriers to accessing cancer care. Describes federal programs that support and enhance national and rural cancer control efforts, including funding, and offers policy recommendations. Features statistics on average annual percent change in cancer mortality rates from 2006-2015, with breakdowns by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and includes a U.S. map showing locations of cancer centers that received Rural Cancer Control Supplements grants in 2018.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services
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Implementation of Liver Cancer Education Among Health Care Providers and Community Coalitions in the Cherokee Nation
Describes an intervention in 2017-2018 to plan and implement activities to increase knowledge and awareness of liver cancer prevention among Cherokee Nation health care providers. Includes recommendations to improve viral hepatitis surveillance, increase support for strategies to eliminate hepatitis B virus, and enhance services including risk factor screening and serologic testing.
Author(s): Behnoosh Momin, Jorge Mera, Whitney Essex, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Have Healthy People 2020 Benchmarks for Leading Causes of Death Been Met in Rural and Urban Areas?
Presentation slides from an August 20, 2019 webinar, with analysis of death rates for 7 major causes of death, in light of Healthy People 2020 benchmarks. Features mortality statistics from 2007-2017 for diabetes, heart disease, suicide, cancer, stroke, unintentional injury, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, with breakdowns by gender, race, and region, with 6 levels of population density.
Author(s): Alva O. Ferdinand, Timothy Callaghan, Marvellous Akinlotan, Kristie Primm
Date: 08/2019
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organizations: Southwest Rural Health Research Center, Texas A&M Health Science Center
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Investigating Risk Factors for Colorectal Cancer Among Alaska Native People: Podcast with Drs. Sarah Nash and Diana Redwood
Podcast recording and transcript highlighting a study done on colorectal cancer rates among Alaska Native people. Outlines the structure of the study and discusses some of the challenges and findings of the study.
Author(s): Sheryl Monks
Date: 08/2019
Type: Audio
Sponsoring organization: JPHMP Direct
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A Holistic Approach to Chronic Disease Prevention: Good Health and Wellness in Indian Country
Describes the development, funding, and implementation of a 5-year program, begun in 2014, supporting American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities and tribal organizations to simultaneously address chronic diseases and their risk factors. Identifies approaches useful for agencies and organizations working with AI/AN populations.
Author(s): Nancy S. Andrade, David K. Espey, Mary E. Hall, Ursula E. Bauer
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Prognostic Factors for Rural Endometrial Cancer Patients in a Population-Based Cohort
Examines rural-urban differences in prognostication of endometrial cancer and mortality rates among 2,994 endometrial cancer patients in Utah between 1997 and 2012. Analyzes healthcare data from the Utah Population Database, which includes EMR data from the University of Utah Healthcare and Intermountain Healthcare, two of the largest healthcare providers in the state.
Author(s): Brenna E. Blackburn, Sean Soissan, Kerry Rowe, et al.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 19, 921
Date: 07/2019
Type: Document
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