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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Cancer

A Bivariate Mapping Tutorial for Cancer Control Resource Allocation Decisions and Interventions
Discusses the utility of geographic information systems software (ArcGIS) with public health data to inform resource allocation and public health interventions for cancer control planning. Provides step-by-step guidance for developing a bivariate choropleth map (map of two variables) using county data from South Carolina's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for cervical cancer screening, and data on the availability of cervical cancer screening providers in South Carolina's Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program.
Author(s): Claire Biesecker, Whitney E. Zahnd, Heather M. Brandt, Swann Arp Adams, Jan M. Eberth
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
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Achieving Health Equity in Preventive Services: Evidence Summary
Summarizes research on achieving health equity in preventive services including screening, counseling, medication, and management for cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes in adult patients by identifying the effects of impediments and barriers that create disparities, and the effectiveness of strategies and interventions to reduce them. Study reports barriers that resulted in, or explained a disparity in preventive service, and the effectiveness of the clinician-patient relationship, health information technology and health system intervention. Studies included African Americans, Hispanics, Korean and Chinese Americans, and rural and low-income patients.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Opioid-Related Hospitalization and Its Association With Chronic Diseases: Findings From the National Inpatient Sample, 2011-2015
Results of a study examining whether opioid-related hospitalization is associated with cancer, stroke, obesity, asthma, liver or spinal disease, and arthritis. Features demographic statistics with breakdowns by urban or rural location.
Author(s): Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, Donglan Zhang, Heather M. Padilla, Sae Rom Chung
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
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Lung Cancer Incidence in Nonmetropolitan and Metropolitan Counties — United States, 2007–2016
Reports on lung cancer incidence rates in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties, with data by sex and by age at diagnosis. Includes data for 2007 and 2016, as well as the change in rate from 2007 to 2016. Discusses strategies to reduce exposure to lung cancer risk factors and how those strategies might be targeted to decrease disparities.
Author(s): Mary Elizabeth O'Neil, S. Jane Henley, Elizabeth A. Rohan, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(44), 993-998
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Potentially Excess Deaths from the Five Leading Causes of Death in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties — United States, 2010–2017
Reports on the rural-urban disparities regarding potentially preventable deaths caused by heart disease, cancer, unintentional injury, chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD), and stroke for populations less than 80 years of age. Updates a January 2017 report on the same topic, with the new report using a 6-level urban-rural classification scheme and adding additional years and annual percentage change information.
Additional links: Supplementary Table 1: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 2: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 3: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro, Supplementary Table 4: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro
Author(s): Macarena C. Garcia, Lauren M. Rossen, Brigham Bastian, et al.
Citation: MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 68(10), 1-11
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Risk Factors and Potentially Preventable Deaths in Rural Communities
Compares rates of potentially avoidable deaths in rural and urban communities and shows how these deaths vary by census region. Features statistics on modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, and obesity, and percent of potentially preventable deaths attributable to specific health conditions, with breakdowns by rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Mark Holmes, Kristie W. Thompson
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Effective Communication and Consistency in Increasing Rural Vaccination Rates
Discusses barriers to vaccination in rural areas and strategies to improve vaccination rates. Features efforts in a Louisiana Rural Health Clinic (RHC) and in rural Kentucky high schools that are increasing vaccination rates.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Snapshot: Asian American, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Health
Fact sheet with statistics on uninsurance rates by ethnicity; health disparities by ethnicity, sex, and three types of cancer incidence rates; and rates of hepatitis B and HIV infection.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum
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Examining Rural Cancer Prevention and Control Efforts: Policy Brief and Recommendations to the Secretary
Provides an overview of issues related to cancer in rural areas, including barriers to accessing cancer care. Describes federal programs that support and enhance national and rural cancer control efforts, including funding, and offers policy recommendations. Features statistics on average annual percent change in cancer mortality rates from 2006-2015, with breakdowns by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and includes a U.S. map showing locations of cancer centers that received Rural Cancer Control Supplements grants in 2018.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services
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Implementation of Liver Cancer Education Among Health Care Providers and Community Coalitions in the Cherokee Nation
Describes an intervention in 2017-2018 to plan and implement activities to increase knowledge and awareness of liver cancer prevention among Cherokee Nation health care providers. Includes recommendations to improve viral hepatitis surveillance, increase support for strategies to eliminate hepatitis B virus, and enhance services including risk factor screening and serologic testing.
Author(s): Behnoosh Momin, Jorge Mera, Whitney Essex, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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