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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Cancer

Incidental Sun Exposures as a Source of Sunburn Among Rural Compared to Urban Residents in the United States
Presents a study comparing sun exposure for people living in rural versus urban areas. Looks at sun exposure from leisure time activities and outdoor work for both rural and urban people.
Author(s): Patricia I. Jewett, Carrie Henning-Smith, DeAnn Lazovich, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Availability of Hospital-Based Cancer Services Before and After Rural Hospital Closure, 2008–2017
Explores the effect rural hospital closures have had on rural cancer care. Draws from American Hospital Association data from 2008 to 2017 and explores the differing outcomes hospital closures had on oncology care, radiation services, and cancer screening in rural areas.
Author(s): Whitney E. Zahnd, Peiyin Hung, Sylvia Kewei Shi, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Rural–Urban Differences in Breast and Colorectal Cancer Screening among US Women, 2014-2019
Analyzes disparities in breast and colorectal cancer screening in rural and urban women aged 50-74 in the U.S. using 2014-2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data. Includes demographic breakdowns by age, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, education level, income, marital status, health behaviors, and reported access to healthcare.
Author(s): Nicholas Theodoropoulos, Hui Xie, Qian Wang, Chi Wen, Yannan Li
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 22(3), 7339
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Adoption of Telemedicine in a Rural US Cancer Center Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: Qualitative Study
Describes the implementation of telemedicine in outpatient oncology clinics affiliated with the Dartmouth Cancer Center that serve rural patients. Discusses findings from interviews with staff, specialty providers, and practice managers, noting challenges to implementation, the need for guidance, and concerns about communication quality.
Author(s): Matthew Mackwood, Rebecca Butcher, Danielle Vaclavik, et al.
Citation: JMIR Cancer, 8(3), e33768
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
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Rural-Urban Disparities in Place of Death in Hematologic Malignancies in the United States, 2003 to 2019
Examines place of death (POD) by home, hospice, or nursing/medical facility due to hematologic malignancy mortalities that occurred between 2013 and 2019. Analyzes 1,009,717 deaths recorded in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (CDC WONDER) database and breaks down POD by large metropolitan, medium/small metropolitan, and rural metropolitan. Discusses disparities in urban and rural community access to end-of-life resources.
Author(s): S. M. Qasim Hussaini, Amanda L. Blackford, Arjun Gupta, et al.
Citation: Blood Advances, 6(16), 4731-4734
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
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Facilitators of Multisector Collaboration for Delivering Cancer Control Interventions in Rural Communities: A Descriptive Qualitative Study
Examines collaborative networks who work to implement cancer prevention strategies in rural areas. Reports on interviews conducted in 2020 with 32 Illinois and Missouri public health and social service agencies who work in rural areas with high poverty and cancer rates. Discusses needs and challenges in cancer control work in rural areas, as identified by interagency networks.
Author(s): Peg Allen, Callie Walsh-Bailey, Jean Hunleth, Bobbi J. Carothers, Ross C. Brownson
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
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Association Between Medicaid Expansion Under the Affordable Care Act and Survival Among Newly Diagnosed Cancer Patients
Examines the relationship between cancer survival and Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) by sex, race and ethnicity, poverty level, and rurality. Utilizes the Cancer Incidence in North America (CiNA) Survival dataset to analyze 2, 555 ,302 patients diagnosed with cancer to see pre-ACA and post-ACA survival rates.
Author(s): Xuesong Han, Jingxuan Zhao, K. Robin Yabroff, Christopher J. Johnson, Ahmedin Jemal
Citation: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 114(8), 1176-1185
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
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Factors Associated With Geographic Disparities in Gastrointestinal Cancer Mortality in the United States
Examines modifiable and nonmodifiable factors related to county-level mortality from esophageal, gastric, pancreatic, and colorectal cancers. Provides county-level U.S. maps and breaks down data by sex, race, health behaviors, income, insurance status, travel time and specialist density, screening rates, and location by large metropolitan, small metropolitan, and rural.
Author(s): Christopher Ma, Stephen E. Congly, Darius E.Chyou, et al.
Citation: Gastroenterology, 163(2), 437–448
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
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Temporal Changes in Treatment Patterns for Rural and Urban Patients With Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Examines treatment modalities in rural and urban populations in North Carolina for patients who have Stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Identifies the treatment patterns of 5504 patients such as surgery, radiation, or no treatment. Provides patient demographics broken down by age, sex, race, insurance, comorbidity index, history of lung disease, and urban, suburban, or rural location.
Author(s): Joshua Herb, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Vaibhav Kumar, et al.
Citation: North Carolina Medical Journal, 83(4), 294-303
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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Perception of Worry of Harm from Air Pollution: Results From the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS)
Examines worry of harm from exposure to indoor (IAP) and outdoor (OAP) air pollution in relationship to public health. Analyzes 3,630 participant responses from the Health Information National Trends Survey by gender, age, race/ethnicity, education, income, rurality, and cancer risk. Discusses sociodemographic factors in relation to environmental risk communication and intervention strategies.
Author(s): Samantha Ammons, Hayley Aja, Armen A. Ghazarian, Gabriel Y. Lai, Gary L. Ellison
Citation: BMC Public Health, 22
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
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