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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Cancer

Urban–Rural Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Screening: Cross-Sectional Analysis of 1998–2005 Data from the Centers for Disease Control's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Study
Analyzes Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data to examine disparities in colorectal cancer screening rates between rural and urban U.S. populations. Table 1 compares rural and urban population characteristics, such as age, race, ethnicity, education, income, marital status, and overall health.
Author(s): Allison M. Cole, J. Elizabeth Jackson, Mark Doescher
Citation: Cancer Medicine, 1(3), 350-356
Date: 12/2012
Type: Document
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Refinement of an Educational Toolkit to Promote Cervical Cancer Screening among Hispanic Immigrant Women in Rural Southern Georgia
Describes a collaborative project using promotoras to develop and refine a Spanish language educational flipchart promoting cervical cancer screening and related topics for low-income, Hispanic farmworker women in rural southeast Georgia.
Author(s): Lisa C. Watson-Johnson, Jigar Bhagatwala, Claudia Reyes-Garcia, et al.
Citation: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 23(4), 1704-1711
Date: 11/2012
Type: Document
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Creating a Patient Navigation Model to Address Cervical Cancer Disparities in a Rural Hispanic Farmworker Community
Details a program to address cervical cancer disparities in rural Hispanic agricultural workers. Addresses specific barriers to preventive screenings, including awareness and knowledge of screening, cultural beliefs, cost, lack of health insurance, transportation, and child care.
Author(s): Kristen J. Wells, Maria I. Rivera, Sister Sara K. Proctor, et al.
Citation: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 23(4), 1712-1718
Date: 11/2012
Type: Document
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Small Media and Client Reminders for Colorectal Cancer Screening: Current Use and Gap Areas in CDC's Colorectal Cancer Control Program
Assesses the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Colorectal Cancer Control Program's (CRCCP) use and priorities regarding evidenced-based approaches to encourage and promote preventive screening. Includes information on patient demographics, rural or urban location, and the quality of screening resources available. Figure 1 identifies priority needs for information resources about colorectal cancer screening by population.
Author(s): Matthew W. Kreuter, Lori B. Garibay, Debbie J. Pfeiffer, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 9
Date: 07/2012
Type: Document
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FOBT Completion in FQHCs: Impact of Physician Recommendation, FOBT Information, or Receipt of the FOBT Kit
Highlights a study on several methods of presenting the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) at Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in northern Louisiana and which method led the most patients to complete the screening process in both rural and urban areas. Analyzes data by age, race, and gender, as well as several other factors.
Author(s): Terry C. Davis, Connie L. Arnold, Alfred W. Rademaker, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 28(3), 306-311
Date: 07/2012
Type: Document
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Pediatric Cancer Hospitalizations, 2009
Provides data on hospital stays for cancer care for children under 18 years of age. Table 2 includes information by location of patient residence for rural and urban areas, for cancer-related stays and all other hospitalizations.
Author(s): Rebecca Anhang Price, Elizabeth Stranges, Anne Elixhauser
Date: 05/2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Outcomes of a Weight Loss Intervention among Rural Breast Cancer Survivors
Examines a group weight loss program delivered to obese breast cancer survivors living in rural Kansas using conference call technology. Describes an intervention that includes a reduced calorie prepackaged diet, a gradual increase in physical activity, and weekly group phone sessions.
Author(s): Christie A. Befort, Jennifer R. Klemp, Heather Austin, et al.
Citation: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 132(2), 631-639
Date: 04/2012
Type: Document
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The Last Frontier: Innovative Efforts to Reduce Colorectal Cancer Disparities Among the Remote Alaska Native Population
Measures changes in rate of colorectal cancer screening among the Alaska Native population in rural and remote Alaska between 2005 and 2010. Reports the impact of intervention programs, such as itinerant endoscopy screening clinics and outreach by patient navigators, on rates of screenings.
Author(s): Diana Redwood, Ellen Provost, David Perdue, Donald Haverkamp, David Espey
Citation: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 75(3), 474-480
Date: 03/2012
Type: Document
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Role of Telehealth/Videoconferencing in Managing Cancer Pain in Rural American Indian Communities
Determines the feasibility and effect of using videoconferencing to deliver cancer-related pain management education and case consultation to healthcare providers in rural American Indian and Alaskan Native communities. Analyzed data from 52 providers at 11 sites participating in educational sessions and 93 providers at 16 sites participating in case conferences at tribal clinics in Alaska and Washington.
Author(s): Emily Haozous, Ardith Z. Doorenbos, George Demiris, et al.
Citation: Psycho-Oncology, 21(2), 219-223
Date: 02/2012
Type: Document
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Community Strategies to Address Cancer Disparities in Appalachian Kentucky
An overview of a community-based participatory research intervention in Appalachian Kentucky to address cancer disparities. Includes discussion of the perceptions and barriers to screening. Covers strategies for working in Appalachia, rural locations, and other traditionally undeserved communities. Table 3 lists characteristics and Figure 1 is an example focus group interview guide.
Author(s): Nancy E. Schoenberg, Britteny M. Howell, Nell Fields
Citation: Family & Community Health, 35(1), 31-43
Date: 2012
Type: Document
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