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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Cardiovascular disease

Health of American Indian and Alaska Native Adults, by Urbanization Level: United States, 2014–2018
Examines health status and health conditions among American Indian and Alaska Native adults compared to all U.S. adults, with data for rural, small metropolitan, and large metropolitan statistical areas. Addresses poor or fair health status, disability, multiple chronic conditions, hypertension, and diabetes.
Author(s): Maria A. Villarroel, Tainya C. Clarke, Tina Norris
Date: 08/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Mapping High Risk Areas for COVID-19
An interactive web-based mapping tool focused on identifying priority areas for the COVID-19 pandemic. Offers data on health conditions, demographics, and social determinants that may make a population more vulnerable to COVID-19. Also includes the location of hospitals. Users can upload their own COVID-19 patient profile data. Part of the HealthLandscape set of tools.
Date: 08/2020
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: American Academy of Family Physicians
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Estimated County-Level Prevalence of Selected Underlying Medical Conditions Associated with Increased Risk for Severe COVID-19 Illness — United States, 2018
Reports on the estimated number and proportion of people with certain underlying medical conditions that put them at risk for severe COVID-19. Provides county-level maps with data on adults with any of these conditions: chronic respiratory conditions, heart disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, or obesity. Also discusses the prevalence of underlying conditions in rural counties.
Author(s): Hilda Razzaghi, Yan Wang, Hua Lu, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(29), 945-950
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Urban-Rural Inequities in Acute Stroke Care and In-Hospital Mortality
Examines rural/urban differences and trends in treatment patterns and outcomes for individuals hospitalized for stroke, including mortality rates, length of hospital stay, and discharge rates. Provides data and statistics on patient characteristics, such as age, race/ethnicity, comorbidities, use of thrombolytics and endovascular therapy, and more.
Author(s): Gmerice Hammond, Alina Luke, Lauren Elson, Amytis Towfighi, Karen Joynt Maddox
Citation: Stroke, 51, 2131–2138
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
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Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Initiatives in Three USAPI Jurisdictions
Summarizes efforts in Guam, Palau, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to improve cardiovascular health outcomes. Highlights strategies that can be applied to hypertension control programs and chronic disease prevention projects.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
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Prevalence of Self-Reported Hypertension and Antihypertensive Medication Use by County and Rural-Urban Classification — United States, 2017
Examines self-reported prevalence of diagnosed hypertension and antihypertensive medication use. Includes data for metropolitan, micropolitan, and noncore (rural) areas. Also discusses geographic trends at the county level, with maps showing county-level hypertension prevalence and medication use. Highlights higher prevalence of hypertension in the Southeast, Appalachia, and the Great Plains.
Author(s): Claudine M. Samanic, Kamil E. Barbour, Yong Liu, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(18), 533-539
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Increasing Mortality From Premature Coronary Artery Disease in Women in the Rural United States
Assesses rural and urban differences in premature coronary artery disease (CAD) mortality rates from 1999 to 2017 using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide‐Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (CDC WONDER) database. Includes data breakdowns by sex, age group, race, and urbanization.
Author(s): Matthias Bossard, Yllka Latifi, Matteo Fabbri, et al.
Citation: Journal of the American Heart Association
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
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Social Determinants of Health and 90‐Day Mortality After Hospitalization for Heart Failure in the REGARDS Study
Uses data from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study to examine associations between social determinants of health (SDOH) and risk of 90-day mortality after heart failure (HF) hospitalization among Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years or older. Some of the SDOH considered include African American race, social isolation, rural residence, living in a high poverty zip code or Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA), and more.
Author(s): Madeline Sterling, Joanna Bryan Ringel, Laura Pinheiro, et al.
Citation: Journal of the American Heart Association
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
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Hospital Inpatient Stays Related to Opioid Use Disorder and Endocarditis, 2016
Examines inpatient stays for adults 18 years and older related to opioid use disorder (OUD) and endocarditis, stays related to OUD but not endocarditis, and stays related to endocarditis but not OUD. Includes data by patient location for metropolitan, rural adjacent to metro, and rural remote areas.
Author(s): Audrey J. Weiss, Kevin C. Heslin, Carol Stocks, Pamela L. Owens
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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The High Obesity Program: A Collaboration Between Public Health and Cooperative Extension Services to Address Obesity
Describes the activities of Programs to Reduce Obesity in High Obesity Areas, known as High Obesity Program (HOP), developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in partnership with land grant universities and local Cooperative Extension Offices. HOP was designed to implement evidence-based strategies to improve physical activity and nutrition in mostly rural communities with high rates of obesity to reduce obesity and prevent or control diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Author(s): Sahra Kahin, Ashleigh Murriel, Anu Pejavara, Terrence O'Toole, Ruth Petersen
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
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