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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Closures of healthcare facilities and services

MedPAC Data Book: Health Care Spending and the Medicare Program, 2020
Provides an overview of Medicare spending and highlights data on Medicare beneficiary demographics, dual-eligible beneficiaries, quality of care provided through the Medicare program, and other payer liability. Examines settings of care, including rural specific provider sites, as they relate to spending, access to care, and profit margins. Compares rural and urban beneficiaries and providers throughout. Chart 6-2 addresses rural hospital closures.
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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The Unique Impact of COVID-19 on Older Adults in Rural Areas
Describes the unique risks and challenges older adults in rural areas face related to COVID-19. Discusses access to healthcare, the ability of rural providers to meet the needs of COVID-19 patients, and the socio-economic effects of the pandemic on rural older adults.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith
Citation: Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 32(4-5), 396-402
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
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Already in Fiscal Crisis, Rural Hospitals Face COVID-19
Summarizes a May 29, 2020, webinar on rural populations' vulnerabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Discusses rural hospital closures, rural demographics and healthcare disparities, access to broadband and telehealth services, and the Pennsylvania Rural Health Model. Includes a recording of the webinar.
Author(s): Hoag Levins
Date: 06/2020
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: University of Pennsylvania Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics
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COVID-19's Current Impact on Rural Healthcare Delivery: Q&A with Brock Slabach
An interview with Brock Slabach, the National Rural Health Association's Senior Vice President for Member Services. Discusses the impact of COVID-19 on rural healthcare facilities, policy changes impacting rural providers, collaboration among rural communities to help share solutions, and the use of telehealth during the pandemic.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Will Community Health Centers Survive COVID-19?
Evaluates the financial vulnerability of rural Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Discusses the importance of FQHCs to rural and underserved communities and makes suggestions to fortify FQHC revenue.
Author(s): Brad Wright, Erin Fraher, Marni Gwyther Holder, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
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Health Care Professional Workforce Composition Before and After Rural Hospital Closure
Policy brief examining the change in numbers of local healthcare providers before and after rural hospital closures from 2010-2018, to examine associations with eliminating inpatient services in rural areas. Features statistics with breakdowns by advanced practice providers, primary care providers, and specialists.
Author(s): Erin Mobley, Fred Ullrich, Redwan Bin Abdul Baten, Mina Shrestha, Keith Mueller
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis
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Confronting Rural America's Health Care Crisis
Offers policy recommendations to stabilize the rural healthcare infrastructure and ensuring local access to care. Discusses strategies to provide financial relief to rural providers, preserve obstetric services, expand telehealth services, and address workforce shortages. Includes brief references to policy actions taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Additional links: Summary, The Case for Expanding Telehealth Services, July 2020
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Bipartisan Policy Center Rural Health Task Force
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2020 Rural Hospital Sustainability Index
Reports on an analysis of rural hospital financial viability. Identifies the number of hospitals by state at financial risk of closing and the number by state at high financial risk that are considered essential for community trauma access. Full report is available with email registration.
Additional links: State-Based Data
Author(s): David Mosley, Daniel DeBehnke
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Guidehouse
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Medicare: Information on Medicare-Dependent Hospitals
Provides an overview of the Medicare-dependent hospital (MDH) program, how the MDH designation differs from other rural hospital designations, and how MDH hospitals have changed over time. Discusses the decrease in the number of MDHs over time. Examines a variety of operational and financial metrics across MDHs over time.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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Nursing Home Closures and Trends: June 2015 - June 2019
Provides an overview of the causes and implications of 500 nursing home closures between June 2015 and June 2019. Examines the geographic distribution of these closures, including states in which closures are concentrated in rural areas. Explores nursing home closures in relation to occupancy rates, quality ratings, tax status, and the impact of Medicaid payment policies. Offers recommendations for policymakers and nursing homes.
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: LeadingAge
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