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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health workforce supply and demand

State COVID-19 Data and Policy Actions
State-by-state information on COVID-19 cases, vaccinations, and state policy actions, including emergency declarations, cost sharing for testing and treatment, and other actions. Also provides related state-level data on at-risk populations, healthcare provider capacity, influenza and pneumonia deaths, and more.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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The EMS Compact
Information on the agreement enabling emergency medical service (EMS) personnel licensed in Compact member states to cross state borders to practice and work in other Compact states without getting an EMS license in the remote state. Describes ways in which this agreement may enhance communities' responses to COVID-19 when local resources are reduced. Includes a map showing locations of EMS Compact states and contact information for each member state's Compact Commissioner.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Interstate Commission for EMS Personnel Practice
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Challenges to Admitting Residents: Perspectives from Rural Nursing Home Administrators and Staff
Study of nursing home admissions in rural areas that examines challenges nursing home workers encounter when admitting individuals with mental and behavioral health conditions, obesity, dementia, and complex medical conditions. Discusses capacity challenges facing rural nursing homes related to population density, workforce recruitment and retention, financial issues, and space and equipment needs to meet specific health conditions. Data taken from surveys of 209 rural nursing home administrators.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Dori Cross, Adrita Rahman
Citation: Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing, 58, 1-8
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
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Tackling America's Mental Health and Addiction Crisis Through Primary Care Integration
Explores how primary and behavioral healthcare integration can overcome the unmet needs for mental health and substance use services. Discusses barriers to integrated care delivery. Offers policy recommendations to improve the integration of primary and behavioral healthcare services through enhanced payments, training, and technical assistance, and improving access to behavioral health providers for consultation and referral.
Additional links: Infographic
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Bipartisan Policy Center
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Addressing the Maternal Health Crisis
Recording of a March 23, 2021, House Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies hearing on maternal health disparities. Discusses causes and possible policy options to reduce these disparities.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: House Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
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State Responses to Address Workforce Needs in the Initial Wave of the Pandemic
Summarizes early findings from a study examining approaches to ensuring adequate workforce capacity and strategies to expand access to needed healthcare services. Uses information from 32 interviews conducted during the first 6 months of the COVID-19 pandemic, with stakeholders from 23 states. Includes sections on regulatory flexibility, scope of practice, licensing of out-of-state providers, acute and ambulatory care services, effects on health professions education, and use of telehealth services.
Author(s): David Armstrong, Jean Moore, Dustin Moore, et al.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Fitzhugh Mullan Institute for Health Workforce Equity, Health Workforce Technical Assistance Center
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"All Hands On Deck": The COVID-19 Pandemic Through Nurses' Eyes
Podcast recording featuring Mary Wakefield describes the role of nurses and the challenges they have faced throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Discusses shortages of personal protective equipment, workforce challenges, vaccine administration, and solutions to support nurses in the future. Highlights the experiences of nurses at rural hospitals and clinics.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Audio
Sponsoring organization: Commonwealth Fund
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The Distribution of the General Surgery Workforce in Rural and Urban America in 2019
Explores regional, rural-urban, and intra-rural differences in the supply of general surgeons, using 2019 data. Compares the 2019 findings to results of a similar analysis using 2001 data. Intended to give policymakers, workforce analysts, and medical educators an up-to-date picture of current and long-term trends in supply and distribution of the rural and urban general surgeon workforce. Features statistics with breakdowns by urban, rural, large rural, and small rural locations.
Author(s): Eric H. Larson, C. Holly A. Andrilla, John Kearney, Lisa A. Garberson, Davis G. Patterson
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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Provider Bridge
Connects healthcare professionals with state agencies and healthcare entities to increase access to care for patients in rural and underserved communities, and assists in mobilizing volunteer healthcare professionals during public health emergencies. Features COVID-19 resources including state-by-state telehealth information and links to help providers find answers to telehealth licensure questions.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Federation of State Medical Boards
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Rural EMS Workforce: A Call to Action
Policy brief discussing rural emergency medical services (EMS) systems. Highlights challenges facing the rural EMS workforce, including the costs of training and reimbursement concerns. Outlines policy recommendations to strengthen rural EMS systems.
Author(s): Christopher McLaughlin, Olivia Riutta, Jonnathan Busko
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
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