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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health workforce supply and demand

Mental Health System Development in Rural and Remote Areas during COVID-19
Report highlights the barriers faced by rural, remote, and tribal communities to accessing mental healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic. Details rates of mental health treatment over the past year and compares rural and urban communities. Discusses factors affecting access in rural areas such as workforce shortages, lack of telehealth services, and lack of culturally competent care for American Indian and Alaska Native populations, among others.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors
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Ready to Respond: Mental Health Beyond Crisis and COVID-19
Report highlights strategies for addressing the need for mental health services in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Details seven recommendations for state mental health programs post-pandemic and discusses workforce challenges and how telehealth can be used to expand access to care to rural and underserved areas.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors
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The EMS Compact
Information on the agreement enabling emergency medical service (EMS) personnel licensed in Compact member states to cross state borders to practice and work in other Compact states without getting an EMS license in the remote state. Describes ways in which this agreement may enhance communities' responses to COVID-19 when local resources are reduced. Includes a map showing locations of EMS Compact states and contact information for each member state's Compact Commissioner.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Interstate Commission for EMS Personnel Practice
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2020 Indiana Pharmacist Workforce Brief
Information on demographics, education, and practice characteristics of Indiana pharmacists, based on self-reported data. Includes information about telepharmacy and authorization to administer various immunizations. Features a county-level map showing geographic distribution of Indiana pharmacists, with shadings indicating rural counties.
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Bowen Center for Health Workforce Research and Policy
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Minnesota State Oral Health Plan 2020-2030
Outlines the state oral health plan for Minnesota, focusing on the oral health infrastructure; access to oral health care; health systems integration; disability, special care needs, and inclusion; and data. Includes rural considerations throughout.
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Minnesota Department of Health
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Rural Residency Training as a Strategy to Address Rural Health Disparities: Barriers to Expansion and Possible Solutions
Identifies barriers rural communities face in developing and sustaining graduate medical education programs, and proposes potential solutions including regulatory fixes and legislative action. Includes definitions of key concepts and terminology in the Supplementary Data section.
Additional links: Supplementary Data
Author(s): Emily M. Hawes, Erin Fraher, Steven Crane, et al.
Citation: Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 13(4), 461-465
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
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Virginia's Licensed Clinical Psychologist Workforce: 2021
An overview of the licensed clinical psychologist (LCP) workforce in Virginia based on data from the 2021 Licensed Clinical Psychologist Workforce Survey. Features statistics including the number of LCPs in rural Virginia and how many grew up in rural areas.
Date: 07/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Virginia Department of Health Professions
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Place Matters: Closing the Gap on Rural Primary Care Quality Improvement Capacity - The Healthy Hearts Northwest Study
Compares the primary care practices in rural and urban settings in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. Looks at quality improvement capacity, performance metrics, and workforce issues, among other measures.
Author(s): Lyle J. Fagnan, Katrina Ramsey, Caitlin Dickinson, et al.
Citation: The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 34 (4), 753-761
Date: 07/2021
Type: Document
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Access to Affordable Care in Rural America: Current Trends and Key Challenges
Describes geographic and demographic challenges that contribute to healthcare access and health disparities in rural areas. Covers patterns of insurance coverage between rural and urban areas, healthcare provider shortages, and rural hospital vulnerability and closures. Discusses programs and services supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to reduce barriers to care in rural communities, including telehealth, healthcare workforce programs, and Rural Health Clinics and community health centers.
Author(s): Gina Turrini, D.Keith Branham, Lucy Chen, et al.
Date: 07/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
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Provider Bridge
Connects healthcare professionals with state agencies and healthcare entities to increase access to care for patients in rural and underserved communities, and assists in mobilizing volunteer healthcare professionals during public health emergencies. Features COVID-19 resources including state-by-state telehealth information and links to help providers find answers to telehealth licensure questions.
Date: 07/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Federation of State Medical Boards
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