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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Census Bureau Releases 2020 Census Demographic and Housing Characteristics Summary File for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Highlights a new data release from the 2020 Census for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Presents updated demographic, social, economic, and housing data.
Date: 07/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Census Bureau Releases 2020 Census DHC Summary File for American Samoa
Highlights a new data release from the 2020 Census for American Samoa. Presents updated demographic, social, economic, and housing data. Discusses the effect the COVID-19 pandemic had on data collection.
Date: 07/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Perceived Barriers and Benefits of COVID-19 Testing among Pacific Islanders on Guam
Results of a project aiming to promote COVID-19 testing among Pacific Islanders using culturally relevant community-tailored strategies with culturally and linguistically appropriate educational materials, and to identify the factors associated with COVID-19 testing. Uses data collected from June 2021 to July 2022.
Author(s): Rachael T. Leon Guerrero, Angelina G. Mummert, Dareon C. Rios, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(13), 6302
Date: 07/2023
Type: Document
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Map the Meal Gap 2023: A Report on County and Congressional District Food Insecurity and County Food Cost in the United States in 2021
Provides information on food insecurity in the United States, focusing on how race and ethnicity impact access to food. Includes county-level U.S. maps that show food insecurity by race and ethnicity as well as impacts for children and the overall U.S. population. Includes discussions about food insecurity in rural counties.
Additional links: Technical Appendix
Author(s): Monica Hake, Emily Engelhard, Adam Dewey
Date: 05/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Feeding America
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Disparities in Health and Health Care: 5 Key Questions and Answers
Defines health and healthcare disparities and discusses the social and economic inequities that drive them. Provides details on the current status of health disparities in the U.S. including rural, the importance of addressing them, and what the federal government is doing to alleviate health disparities. Identifies related issues to be addressed in the future.
Author(s): Nambi Ndugga, Samantha Artiga
Date: 04/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: KFF
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The Mental Health, Substance Use, Physical Health, and Mental Health Treatment Need of Community Individuals Experiencing Homelessness in Hawai'i
Results of a study detailing the health-related needs of Hawai'i's unhoused people, most of whom live in rural areas. Features statistics on self-reported rates of depression and anxiety, illicit substance use, alcohol use, smoking, obesity, and overall physical health.
Author(s): Andrew M. Subica, Daryl S. Sampaga, Jana Ortiz-Misiaszek, Tammy K. K. Martin, Scott K. Okamoto
Citation: Community Mental Health Journal, 59, 1021–1026
Date: 03/2023
Type: Document
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Who Lives in Rural America? How Data Shapes (and Misshapes) Conceptions of Diversity in Rural America (Part I)
Shares maps and other visualizations that illustrate rural diversity and shows how this diversity varies by region and over time. Part I discusses the importance of understanding the diversity of rural populations and identifies policy and resource allocation inequities that may result when the racial and ethnic diversity of rural communities is not apparent. Part II includes detailed sections with data focused on the rural Black, Hispanic and Latino, Native, Asian, and White populations.
Additional links: Who Lives in Rural America? The Geography of Rural Race and Ethnicity (Part II)
Date: 01/2023
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Center on Rural Innovation
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Kinship/Grandfamilies: The Role of Area Agencies on Aging and Title VI Native American Aging Programs
Provides an overview of kinship/grandfamilies, as well as the challenges kin/grandfamily caregivers may face. Presents results of a poll of Area Agencies on Aging and Title VI Native American Aging Programs regarding programs and services targeted specifically to kinship/grandfamilies. Details the length of time kinship/grandfamily programs have been in place, services provided by these programs, the number of families served, funding streams, and more. Highlights a program example in rural Tennessee.
Date: 01/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USAging
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The Fifth National Climate Assessment
Report outlining the impacts of climate change in the U.S., discussing impacts to both the physical earth as well as society, economics, and health sectors. Offers a look at both national topics of interest as well as the current and future risks at a regional level. Chapter 11 addresses agriculture, food systems, and rural concerns. Chapter 16 addresses Indigenous Peoples.
Date: 2023
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Global Change Research Program
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Mental Health Disorders Among Delivery Inpatient Stays by Patient Race and Ethnicity, 2020
Reports on the number and rate of delivery stays with a mental health disorder diagnosis by patient race and ethnicity for Asian/Pacific Islander, Black, White, and Hispanic populations. Includes data by location of patient residence for large metropolitan, small metro, and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): Audrey J. Weiss, Michael A. Head, Lawrence D. Reid
Date: 12/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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