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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Physical activity

Impacts of Transit on Health in Rural and Small Urban Areas
Overview of how public transportation affects health in rural and small urban areas. Summarizes findings from a literature review that looked at public transportation as it relates to the social determinants of health, healthcare access, physical activity, social isolation, and mental health. Also reports results from a survey of rural older adults supplemented by data analysis looking at travel for healthcare, challenges related to public transportation, and the impacts of missed or delayed healthcare trips.
Author(s): Jeremy Mattson, Bright Quayson
Date: 12/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute
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The MN RIDE Pilot: Feasibility of a Synchronous, Remotely Delivered, Aerobic Exercise Training Program for Rural-Dwelling Adults with Subjective Cognitive Decline
Evaluates the feasibility of implementing an aerobic exercise (AEx) telerehabilitation program in rural Minnesota for middle-aged and older adults with subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Assesses participant attendance, intensity adherence, adverse events, and satisfaction with the program. Discusses the potential of utilizing telerehabilitation programs for rural patients with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD).
Author(s): Dereck L Salisbury, Wayne Warry, Joshua Fergen, et al.
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 23(4), 8351
Date: 12/2023
Type: Document
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Support for Healthy Eating and Active Living in Rural Communities: Insights from a National Survey of Local Governments
Analyzes local government policies that support wellness, healthy eating, and physical activity in metro versus nonmetro areas. Utilizes Community Based Survey of Supports for Healthy Eating and Active Living (CBS HEAL) data to compare government structures, master plans, built environment policies, transit options, supportive food access policies, and more.
Author(s): Adee Athiyaman
Date: 12/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs
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Developing a Culturally Relevant Physical Activity Guide for Alaska Native Head Start Students in Rural Alaska: The Got Neqpiaq? Study
Highlights a survey of Alaska Native Elders, teachers, and parents on cultural modifications to the Head Start preschool programs' physical playtime activities in tribal communities. Features a partnership between the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, Head Start, and the Rural Alaska Community Action Program. Details lessons learned from survey results on developing culturally competent physical education programming for Alaska Native preschoolers.
Author(s): Teresa Hicks, Barb Stillwater, Kathryn Koller, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 82(1), 2287791
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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See Me, Hear Me, Know Me: Perspectives on Diet and Physical Activity Influences among Teens Living in Rural Texas Communities
Surveyed 40 pairs of rural Texas parents and teens to understand how teens perceive living in a rural community impacts diet and exercise choices. Discusses the role of the family, nutrition at home, access to healthy foods, and more.
Author(s): Debbe Thompson, Julie Miranda, Chishinga Callender, et al
Citation: Nutrients, 15(21), 4695
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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Active Iowa: Increasing Physical Activity in Iowa Communities Program - Manual of Implementation
Toolkit details the Active Iowa program and provides information and tools for implementing and evaluating similar programs aimed at promoting active lifestyles in rural communities. Presents the structure of Active Iowa and gives step-by-step guidance on planning and implementation. Features supplemental training videos and other programmatic materials on the toolkit landing page.
Additional links: Landing Page, Supplemental Training Videos
Author(s): Barbara Baquero, Natoshia M. Askelson, Edith Parker, et al.
Date: 10/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Iowa Prevention Research Center for Rural Health
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Rural–Urban Differences in Overweight and Obesity, Physical Activity, and Food Security Among Children and Adolescents
Examines the relationship among food security, physical activity, and overweight or obesity in rural and urban children. Analyzes 2019-2020 National Survey of Children's Health data of children aged 10-17 according to body mass index (BMI), physical activity, and food security, with data broken down by demographic variables and rural versus urban location.
Author(s): Elizabeth Crouch, Demetrius A. Abshire, Michael D. Wirth, Peiyin Hung, Gabriel A. Benavidez
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 20
Date: 10/2023
Type: Document
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Physical Activity Among Rural Men: Barriers and Preferences
Examines the perceptions of physical activity interventions among rural men. Analyzes survey data from 447 participants according to barriers and interest related to physical activity and preferred intervention techniques, with results broken down by demographics and geographic region.
Author(s): Jacob Gallagher, Emine O. Bayman, Lisa A. Cadmus-Bertram, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 20
Date: 10/2023
Type: Document
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Effect of a Telephone-Based Lifestyle Intervention on Weight, Body Composition, and Metabolic Biomarkers in Rural Ohio: Results from a Randomized Pilot Study
Examines the effectiveness of a 15-week telephone counseling intervention encouraging healthy eating and physical activity among 27 rural Ohio adults with overweight or obesity. Provides data on participants' weight, body composition, fasting blood lipids, and inflammatory biomarkers after 15 weeks of intervention. Highlights findings related to weight and cholesterol management, and discusses rural health disparities and access barriers.
Author(s): Xiaochen Zhang, Victoria R. DeScenza, Zachary L. Chaplow, et al.
Citation: Nutrients, 15(18), 3998
Date: 09/2023
Type: Document
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Adult Obesity in Rural America: An Examination of the Relationships Between Obesity Prevalence, Sociodemographic Factors, Access to Care, and Differences Between Rural and Urban Counties
Provides an overview of obesity prevalence in rural versus urban counties. Analyzes factors related to obesity such as education, income, physical inactivity, healthcare workforce, and food, internet, and healthcare access. Includes case studies and data related to obesity prevalence in Texas and Arkansas.
Additional links: Appendix, Executive Summary
Date: 09/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: NORC at the University of Chicago
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