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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Service delivery models

Russell County Hospital Listens to their Community to Improve Transitions of Care
Highlights quality improvement activities underway at a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital (CAH) in rural Kentucky. Discusses community collaboration efforts, expansion of specialty services, renovations, a focus on staff satisfaction, and care coordination activities.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Serving Rural America: Health Insurance Providers at Work
Offers 5 case studies to showcase the ways in which health insurance providers are working to ensure access to high quality healthcare in rural areas. Examples feature 8 insurance providers in Maryland, Pennsylvania, California, and Oregon sharing different approaches to healthcare delivery, financing, and community engagement.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: America's Health Insurance Plans
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Provider Shortages and Limited Availability of Behavioral Health Services in New Mexico's Medicaid Managed Care
Examines the supply and distribution of behavioral health providers and prescribers across New Mexico, with a focus on services available to Medicaid managed care enrollees. Includes data for rural and frontier counties. Discusses rural broadband connectivity challenges that impact the use of telehealth to address access. Offers policy recommendations. Findings are likely to be relevant to behavioral healthcare access in other states' rural and frontier counties.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Office of Inspector General (HHS)
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Toolkit: State Strategies to Support Older Adults Aging in Place in Rural Areas
Describes state initiatives helping older rural adults age in place by supporting services allowing them to remain in their homes. Strategies are focused around building the workforce, increasing access to services in rural areas, and addressing social determinants of health. Includes examples of programs that have already been implemented as well as emerging ideas from several states across the country.
Author(s): Neva Kaye, Kristina Long
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Health Resources and Services Administration, National Academy for State Health Policy, National Organizations of State and Local Officials
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MedPAC Comment on CMS's Proposed Rule on CY 2020 Revisions to Payment Policies under the Physician Fee Schedule and Other Changes to Part B Payment Policies
Comments on an August 14, 2019 Federal Register proposed rule addressing updates to the Quality Payment Program, telehealth services, opioid use disorder treatment, and other topics. Includes comments on the quality measurement options for individual clinicians and small practices with small Medicare patient panels.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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A Framework for Evaluating the Return on Investment of Telehealth
Proposes a framework for calculating the return on investment (ROI) of a telehealth program. Identifies principles and considerations related to evaluating telehealth ROI. Includes a case study focused on a rural community hospital implementing a telecardiology program. Another case study features a hospital system with a tertiary hospital and smaller community hospitals adding pre-transfer video consults.
Author(s): Jacqueline Marks, Jared Augenstein, Anthony Brown, Sol Lee
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Manatt Health Strategies
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State Strategies to Address Opioid Use Disorder Among Pregnant and Postpartum Women and Infants Prenatally Exposed to Substances, Including Infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
Identifies state strategies to improve outcomes for pregnant and postpartum women with opioid use disorder and infants prenatally exposed to substances, including opioids. Discusses strategies focused on access to and coordination of quality services, including approaches such as telemedicine that are useful in rural areas. Also discusses strategies related to provider awareness and training and other topics.
Author(s): Charlan D. Kroelinger, Marion E. Rice, Shanna Cox, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(36), 777-783
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Evaluation of the Accountable Care Organization Investment Model: AIM Implementation and Impacts over Two Performance Years
Evaluation examining the first two years of the ACO Investment Model (AIM), which tests the use of prepaid shared savings to encourage new ACOs to form in rural and underserved areas (Test 1) and to encourage current Medicare Shared Savings Program ACOs to transition to arrangements with greater financial risk (Test 2). Reports on AIM ACO composition, including rurality. Appendices include detailed information on each AIM ACO.
Additional links: Appendices, Findings at a Glance
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Abt Associates, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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2019 Physician Assistant Telehealth Survey
Discusses survey results of 95 physician assistants (PAs) across Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma regarding their use and perceptions of telehealth. Examines survey results across a variety of geographic and practice settings. Presents a brief overview of some federal and state-level policies about PA reimbursement and their ability to provide telehealth services.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Heartland Telehealth Resource Center
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Reaching the Quadruple Aim: Workforce and Service Delivery Within Certified Community Behavioral Health Clinics
Summary of data collected between February and August 2019 on the Certified Community Behavioral Health Clinic (CCBHC) model's impact on the behavioral workforce and the aims of improving patient and provider experiences, improving the health of populations, and reducing costs. Discusses access and barriers to care, workforce capacity, primary care and behavioral healthcare integration, and offers recommendations for enhancing financing and reimbursement. Features statistics including populations served by CCBHCs, with breakdowns by urban, rural, and tribal locations.
Author(s): Dana Foney, Shannon Mace, Adriano Boccanelli
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Council for Behavioral Health, University of Michigan Behavioral Health Workforce Research Center
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