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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Statistics and data

Which Definition of Rurality Should I Use?: The Relative Performance of 8 Federal Rural Definitions in Identifying Rural-Urban Disparities
Study comparing 8 definitions of rural used by the federal government in order to understand how often the same areas were identified as rural and to measure rural-urban disparities related to socioeconomic status, demographics, healthcare access, and health outcomes. Analyzes 20210 census tract-level spatial data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2014-2019 5-year American Community Survey (ACS) population estimates, the Provider of Services file, and the National Plan and Provider Enumeration System files from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).
Author(s): Julianna C. Long, Paul L. Delamater, George M. Holmes
Citation: Medical Care, 59, S413-S419
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
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Disparities in Health Care in Medicare Advantage Associated with Dual Eligibility or Eligibility for a Low-income Subsidy
Shares Medicare Advantage (MA) plan performance data for specific healthcare quality measures reported in 2019, which represents care received in 2018. Analyzes and compares the quality of clinical care for dual-eligible (DE) beneficiaries, those who qualify for both Medicare and Medicaid, and Medicare beneficiaries who are eligible for a Part D low-income subsidy (LIS) with the quality of care for beneficiaries who do not qualify as DE nor LIS by racial/ethnic groups and rural status.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Trajectory of COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Over Time and Association of Initial Vaccine Hesitancy With Subsequent Vaccination
Assesses the association between baseline vaccine hesitancy and vaccine receipt at study follow-up, using data from 3,439 participants surveyed between August-December 2020 and again between March-April 2021. Also explores the validity of vaccine self-report. Features demographic statistics with breakdowns by metropolitan or nonmetropolitan location.
Author(s): Aaron J. Siegler, Nicole Luisi, Eric W. Hall, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 4(9)
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
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COVIDVaxView: COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage and Vaccine Confidence
An interactive tool for exploring data on COVID-19 vaccination coverage, uptake, and intention by a variety of different factors, including geography, date of data collection, demographics, and more. Includes data by urban, suburban, and rural location in the Characteristics section under MSA status.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Association of Hospital Telestroke Adoption With Changes in Initial Hospital Presentation and Transfers Among Patients With Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attacks
Results of a study to assess whether implementation of telestroke services is associated with changes in where and how patients present with stroke symptoms, their decision to be transferred to another hospital, and to which hospitals they are transferred. Uses data from 593 hospitals that adopted telestroke from 2009-2016. Features statistics on hospital characteristics by telestroke status, with breakdowns by urban or rural location.
Author(s): Kori S. Zachrison, Jessica V. Richard, Andrew Wilcock, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 4(9)
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
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Housing Affordability, Adequacy, and Access to the Internet in Homes of Medicaid Enrollees
Examines the housing adequacy, affordability, and internet access among Medicaid enrollees in 2019. Describes the impact of housing conditions on health, with a focus on the COVID-19 pandemic. Discusses policy options for Medicaid programs to address housing challenges. Presents data by Medicaid enrollee demographic characteristics, including race/ethnicity, age, sex, and metro/non-metro status.
Author(s): Bradley Corallo
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Trends in Death Rates in Urban and Rural Areas: United States, 1999-2019
Examines national trends for age-adjusted death rates in urban and rural areas by sex. Includes data for the 10 leading causes of death in 2019 by urban and rural status.
Author(s): Sally C. Curtin, Merianne Rose Spencer
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2021
Examines the factors predicting child well-being and breaks down indicators by a number of measures, including race/ethnicity, poverty, food security, and health insurance coverage, among others. Highlights data on the well-being of American Indian and Alaska Native children on a number different measures.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics
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Driver Electronic Device Use in 2020
National data on driver use of electronic devices from 2011-2020. Features statistics on percentage of drivers holding cellphones to their ears, speaking with visible headsets, and visibly manipulating handheld devices while driving, with breakdowns including age, gender, race, and urban or rural location. Includes tables listing states banning texting and use of handheld cellphones while driving, as of July 2020.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
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Quality of Care Before and After Mergers and Acquisitions of Rural Hospitals
Examines the quality of care provided in 172 rural hospitals that merged or were acquired between 2009-2016. Compares the in-hospital mortality rates for patients with several conditions compared admitted to merged or acquired hospitals to patients admitted to 266 rural hospitals that remained independent.
Author(s): H. Joanna Jiang, Kathryn R. Fingar, Lan Liang, Rachel M. Henke, Teresa P. Gibson
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 4(9)
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
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